Best Day Trading Demo Accounts and Practise Simulators 2020

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[VIDEO] MakerDAO Community Meeting October 29th, 2019: DDEX Margin Trading Demo

[VIDEO] MakerDAO Community Meeting October 29th, 2019: DDEX Margin Trading Demo submitted by Davidutro to MakerDAO [link] [comments]

Margin trading with x5 leverage on our Demo platform!

Dear Traders,
We want to remind you that we recently launched our demo trading platform!
Now you can test your trading strategies, including margin trading with x5 leverage on our intuitive interface!
Try it and share your feedback: https://demo.hitbtc.com
submitted by Hitbtc_Team to hitbtc [link] [comments]

Bitfinex Change log: Version 2.0.0, June 29, 2016

Bitfinex Change log: Version 2.0.0, June 29, 2016
Major Changes:
Trading:
Security:
Performance:
Interface:
Settings:
Minor Changes:
  • Improve design on public pages
  • Added deposits and withdrawals reports to Reports page
  • New page with auto withdrawal processing info at /withdraw/greenline
  • Add geoIP info to the "welcome" flash message shown upon login
  • Fix inconsistent sidebar initialization
  • Fix infinite redirect loop when disabling currencies and pairs.
  • Various small improvements and bug fixes.
As always, please let us know if you have any feedback (thanks noggin-scratcher!!!) or questions.
submitted by zanetackett to BitcoinMarkets [link] [comments]

PSA: Margin trading is in demo stages for android wallet

submitted by Lets-try-not-to-suck to lykke [link] [comments]

Everyday

Everyday submitted by DangerousBarracuda0 to Forex [link] [comments]

Best Beginner Paper trade account (Canada)

I have been using Forex.com and there are a few minor details I don't like. For example I can't set the starting amount in my account, it is automatically $50,000 and it is throwing me off a little bit as I want to recreate an experience closer to the reality of when I actually open an account. There is also nothing in the way of a walk through of how to actually use the platform etc. I'd like to try more than one broker in any event. Any recommendations on a beginner account?
submitted by probablynotyouruncle to Forex [link] [comments]

What is the best budget to start trading forex pairs?

Usually trading cryptocurrency is an easy thing for me since I've been doing this for years now. Fiat pairs in the other side have this thing called pips and they usually move 10's pips from time to time which is not how crypto value moves. I'm planning to start with around 750$ and making small trades until I learn how to properly trade forex pairs. Let me know of any tips related to forex trading.
submitted by Nashifa to Currencycom [link] [comments]

BULLISH $SQ $DKNG $BA Option Plays [07/21/2020]

BULLISH $SQ $DKNG $BA Option Plays [07/21/2020]
Recap
Previous Research:
https://www.reddit.com/options/comments/hrbexa/bullish_options_plays_24_month_horizon/?utm_source=share&utm_medium=web2x
https://www.reddit.com/options/comments/huwfat/short_long_option_plays_07202020/?utm_source=share&utm_medium=web2x
This post covers Option Plays for $SQ, $DKNG, $BA
The time frame of these options are 3-6 months out, to avoid Theta burn and maximize ITM potential. The beauty of long plays is that the stock only needs to move a few % to be profitable, with a long time horizon as a hedge. Close the position within 2-4 months to minimize theta and maximize delta opportunity. I have also included a shorter time frame with higher risk/reward and lower premiums. Short plays are laid out, but not recommended.
1) Square, Inc $SQ [Information Technology Services] - BULLISH
Square, Inc. engages in the provision of credit card payment processing solutions. It is a cohesive commerce ecosystem that helps sellers start, run, and grow their businesses. The firms sellers downloads the Square Point of Sale mobile app, they can quickly and easily take their first payment, typically within minutes.
Bullish Square Case:
The ongoing shift toward electronic payments has created, and will continue to create, room for acquirers to see strong growth without stealing share from each other.
Ancillary services are becoming a more critical engine for growth and will help Square fully monetize its merchant client base and improve margins.
Electronic payment growth is shifting overseas, and Square’s business model looks portable into international markets, as the company does not rely on a large local salesforce to attract merchants.
$SQ profile, from FindMarketPlays early access platform
In both previous research posts, I discussed the bullish case of Twitter hinging on a successful subscription platform.
Source: https://www.theverge.com/2020/7/8/21317266/twitter-subscription-platform-codename-gryphon-job-listing
Subscription platforms require a reliable payment processor. Guess who Dorsey is going to choose to process payments for Twitter's subscription platform?
$SQ overlaid with $SHOP, following the same trajectory
$SHOP is trading at a 69x Price to Revenue multiple, with -$1.16 EPS. $SQ is trading at a 11x Price to Revenue multiple, with $0.72 EPS. Not only is $SQ profitable, it is in a similar niche to $SHOP and has a huge growth opportunity with Twitter's subscription platform.
Let's take a look at the unusual options activity scanner:
$2 Million in $97.5 calls, expiring Aug 21. Earnings Aug 5
$190 Jan 15 Calls
$100 Jan 15 Calls
Big bullish bets on $SQ, notably dated around Jan 15. Coincidentally, that is the timeframe I pegged for $TWTR $40 Calls, and for the Subscription platform to be announced.
Personal Experience: I set up a Shopify site for a girl I know who started a brick-and-mortar clothing store. She is... technologically challenged, to say the least. Guess what she used for payments in retail? Square. Even with Shopify's poor integration with Square, she stuck with it (Against my advice for inventory & tracking purposes). As states reopen, and smaller brick and mortars are back, farmers markets, carnivals, etc, expect growth from $SQ.
I am eyeing a $118-$122 entry to incorporate the stock into my portfolio, and purchase options.
With this information, I propose:
Short Term Play [HIGH RISK]:
SQ $130c Aug 7 2020, trading at $6.57 at time of writing. 41% Probability ITM. Earnings Aug 05 2020.
Long Term Play:
SQ $160c Jan 15 2021, trading $11.03 at time of writing. 23% Probability ITM
2) DraftKings, Inc $DKNG [Internet Software/Services] - BULLISH
DraftKings, Inc. operates as a digital sports entertainment and gaming company. It provides online and retail sports wagering offerings, online daily fantasy contests and online casino games.
$DKNG profile, from FindMarketPlays early access platform
Currently, only 5 states have legal online gambling [Delaware, Nevada, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia]. 23 states have Sports Betting legal and or in legislation.
From https://investmentu.com/sports-betting-stocks/
Focus on casino gambling!
You can gamble at a casino whether there are sports on or not, and the following states are most likely to legalize online casino gambling in the next 12 months [based on legislation]:
  • California [40 Million Population]
  • Connecticut [3.6 Million Population]
  • Illinois [13 Million Population]
  • Indiana [6.6 Million Population]
  • Massachusetts [6.8 Million Population]
  • Nevada [2.8 Million Population]
  • New York [20 Million Population]
These states represent 92.8 Million people, or 30% of the US population.
Source: https://www.bettingusa.com/states/
$DKNG overlaid with $PENN, following the same trajectory
52 Week high for $DKNG is $44. With Americans sitting at home, legalizing online gambling makes sense financially for governments and to satiate the appetite of the restless, short-attention span population.
Let's take a look at the unusual options activity scanner:
A stream of bullish plays, ranging from $30 to $40, expiring July 24 and Aug 21.
$DKNG is both a stock and option play. I am eyeing a $28-$30 entry to incorporate the stock into my portfolio, and purchase options.
Personal Experience: A buddy of mine ran an (illegal) sports book in college, and netted 6 figures over the course of four years. Tons of potential tax dollars on the line.
With this information, I propose:
Short Term Play [HIGH RISK]:
DKNG $40 Aug 21 2020, trading at $3.50 at time of writing. 36.5% Probability ITM. Earnings Aug 13 2020.\*21,690 open interest in this position, which would control 2.2 MILLION Shares*\**
Long Term Play:
DKNG $45c Jan 15 2021, trading $6.70 at time of writing. 28% Probability ITM
3) Boeing, Co $BA [Aerospace & Defense] - BULLISH
Boeing is the cornerstone of millions of stock portfolios. I remember hawking the stock price while on vacation in Paris, when the plane crashed in March '19. My ex was pissed. I was more pissed for not picking up some stock and options when it bottomed around $100 a few months ago.
Bullish Boeing case:
Boeing has a large backlog that covers several years of production for the most popular aircraft, which gives us confidence in aggregate demand for aerospace products.
Boeing is well-positioned to benefit from emerging market growth in revenue passenger kilometers and a robust developed market replacement cycle over the next two decades.
We expect that commercial airframe manufacturing will remain a duopoly over the foreseeable future. We think customers will not have many options other than continuing to rely on incumbent aircraft suppliers.
$BA profile, from FindMarketPlays early access platform
COVID-19 has been a blessing in disguise for $BA. COVID-19 gifted $BA time, the most important thing they needed to fix their issues. Airlines are not flying, so it is excusable for $BA to have cancelled orders. Finally, as long as the oil-based dollar is the global currency, $BA will be in business selling weapons.
$BA overlaid with $RTX, another major defense contractor.
Despite the airline issues, $BA is tracking $RTX, because defense is where the big money is.
Let's take a look at the unusual options activity scanner:
$1.3 Million in $195 Sept 18 Calls
$800K in $180 Aug 21 Calls
Earnings is July 29th, but this is not an earnings play. The stock is consolidating in the $170-$180 range, a huge support and resistance in 2020. I am eyeing a $165-$170 entry to incorporate the stock into my portfolio, and purchase options.
With this information, I propose:
Short Term Play [HIGH RISK]:
BA $200c Oct 16 2020, trading at $14.01 at time of writing. 31% Probability ITM.
Long Term Play:
BA $240c Jun 18 2021, trading $18.75 at time of writing. 20% Probability ITM
Conclusion
Based on my research, $SQ stands to gain from $TWTR news, $DKNG is poised to dominate online gambling, $BA is slowly recovering, and will not fail.
TL,DR:
Short Term Play [HIGH RISK]:
SQ $130c Aug 7 2020, trading at $6.57 at time of writing. 41% Probability ITM. Earnings Aug 05 2020.
DKNG $40 Aug 21 2020, trading at $3.50 at time of writing. 36.5% Probability ITM. Earnings Aug 13 2020.\*21,690 open interest in this position, which would control 2.2 MILLION Shares*\**
BA $200c Oct 16 2020, trading at $14.01 at time of writing. 31% Probability ITM.
Long Term Play:
SQ $160c Jan 15 2021, trading $11.03 at time of writing. 23% Probability ITM
DKNG $45c Jan 15 2021, trading $6.70 at time of writing. 28% Probability ITM
BA $240c Jun 18 2021, trading $18.75 at time of writing. 20% Probability ITM
Final Note:
I will include the stock with the most mentions on this thread in my next analysis post. Will try to get to all your questions this time. This reddit post is not investment advice - do thorough research before ever investing.
Platform used is FindMarketPlays. Check my profile for a Demo. Enter your email here to know when it launches: https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSeUTcj420FlNTpk4Ynozlbi3CuxhaIu6HJkyHLxAfZpFfG37w/viewform?usp=pp_url
submitted by iKalculated to wallstreetbets [link] [comments]

Your Pre Market Brief for 07/23/2020

Pre Market Brief for Thursday July 23rd 2020

You can subscribe to the daily 4:00 AM Pre Market Brief on The Twitter Link Here . Alerts in the tweets will direct you to the daily 4:00 AM Pre Market Brief in this sub.
Morning Research and Trading Prep Tool Kit
The Ultimate Quick Resource For the Amateur Trader.
Updated as of 3:30 AM EST
-----------------------------------------------
Stock Futures:
Wednesday 07/22/2020 News and Markets Recap:
Thursday July 23rd 2020 Economic Calendar (All times are Eastern)
(JOBLESS NUMBERS TODAY)
News Heading into Thursday July 23rd 2020
NOTE: PLEASE DO NOT YOLO THE VARIOUS TICKERS WITHOUT DOING RESEARCH. THE TIME STAMPS ON THE FOLLOWING ARTICLES MAY BE LATER THAN OTHERS ON THE WEB. THE CREATOR OF THIS THREAD COMPILED THE FOLLOWING IN A QUICK MANNER AND DOES NOT ATTEST TO THE VERACITY OF THE INFORMATION BELOW. YOU ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR VETTING YOUR OWN SOURCES AND DOING YOUR OWN DD.
Upcoming Earnings:
Commodities:
COVID-19 Stats and News:
Macro Considerations:
Most Recent SEC Filings
Other
-----------------------------------------------
Morning Research and Trading Prep Tool Kit
Other Useful Resources:
The Ultimate Quick Resource For the Amateur Trader.
Subscribe to This Brief and the daily 4:00 AM Pre Market Brief on The Twitter Link Here . Alerts in the tweets will direct you to the daily brief in this sub
It is up to you to judge the accuracy and veracity of these headlines before trading.
submitted by Cicero1982 to pennystocks [link] [comments]

$SQ $DKNG $BA Options Plays [07/21/2020]

$SQ $DKNG $BA Options Plays [07/21/2020]
Recap
Previous Research:
https://www.reddit.com/options/comments/hrbexa/bullish_options_plays_24_month_horizon/?utm_source=share&utm_medium=web2x
https://www.reddit.com/options/comments/huwfat/short_long_option_plays_07202020/?utm_source=share&utm_medium=web2x
This post covers Option Plays for $SQ, $DKNG, $BA
The time frame of these options are 3-6 months out, to avoid Theta burn and maximize ITM potential. The beauty of long plays is that the stock only needs to move a few % to be profitable, with a long time horizon as a hedge. Close the position within 2-4 months to minimize theta and maximize delta opportunity. I have also included a shorter time frame with higher risk/reward and lower premiums. Short plays are laid out, but not recommended.
1) Square, Inc $SQ [Information Technology Services] - BULLISH
Square, Inc. engages in the provision of credit card payment processing solutions. It is a cohesive commerce ecosystem that helps sellers start, run, and grow their businesses. The firms sellers downloads the Square Point of Sale mobile app, they can quickly and easily take their first payment, typically within minutes.
Bullish Square Case:
The ongoing shift toward electronic payments has created, and will continue to create, room for acquirers to see strong growth without stealing share from each other.
Ancillary services are becoming a more critical engine for growth and will help Square fully monetize its merchant client base and improve margins.
Electronic payment growth is shifting overseas, and Square’s business model looks portable into international markets, as the company does not rely on a large local salesforce to attract merchants.
$SQ profile, from FindMarketPlays early access platform
In both previous research posts, I discussed the bullish case of Twitter hinging on a successful subscription platform.
Source: https://www.theverge.com/2020/7/8/21317266/twitter-subscription-platform-codename-gryphon-job-listing
Subscription platforms require a reliable payment processor. Guess who Dorsey is going to choose to process payments for Twitter's subscription platform?
$SQ overlaid with $SHOP, following the same trajectory
$SHOP is trading at a 69x Price to Revenue multiple, with -$1.16 EPS. $SQ is trading at a 11x Price to Revenue multiple, with $0.72 EPS. Not only is $SQ profitable, it is in a similar niche to $SHOP and has a huge growth opportunity with Twitter's subscription platform.
Let's take a look at the unusual options activity scanner:
$2 Million in $97.5 calls, expiring Aug 21. Earnings Aug 5
$190 Jan 15 Calls
$100 Jan 15 Calls
Big bullish bets on $SQ, notably dated around Jan 15. Coincidentally, that is the timeframe I pegged for $TWTR $40 Calls, and for the Subscription platform to be announced.
Personal Experience: I set up a Shopify site for a girl I know who started a brick-and-mortar clothing store. She is... technologically challenged, to say the least. Guess what she used for payments in retail? Square. Even with Shopify's poor integration with Square, she stuck with it (Against my advice for inventory & tracking purposes). As states reopen, and smaller brick and mortars are back, farmers markets, carnivals, etc, expect growth from $SQ.
I am eyeing a $118-$122 entry to incorporate the stock into my portfolio, and purchase options.
With this information, I propose:
Short Term Play [HIGH RISK]:
SQ $130c Aug 7 2020, trading at $6.57 at time of writing. 41% Probability ITM. Earnings Aug 05 2020.
Long Term Play:
SQ $160c Jan 15 2021, trading $11.03 at time of writing. 23% Probability ITM
2) DraftKings, Inc $DKNG [Internet Software/Services] - BULLISH
DraftKings, Inc. operates as a digital sports entertainment and gaming company. It provides online and retail sports wagering offerings, online daily fantasy contests and online casino games.
$DKNG profile, from FindMarketPlays early access platform
Currently, only 5 states have legal online gambling [Delaware, Nevada, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia]. 23 states have Sports Betting legal and or in legislation.
From https://investmentu.com/sports-betting-stocks/
Focus on casino gambling!
You can gamble at a casino whether there are sports on or not, and the following states are most likely to legalize online casino gambling in the next 12 months [based on legislation]:
  • California [40 Million Population]
  • Connecticut [3.6 Million Population]
  • Illinois [13 Million Population]
  • Indiana [6.6 Million Population]
  • Massachusetts [6.8 Million Population]
  • Nevada [2.8 Million Population]
  • New York [20 Million Population]
These states represent 92.8 Million people, or 30% of the US population.
Source: https://www.bettingusa.com/states/
$DKNG overlaid with $PENN, following the same trajectory
52 Week high for $DKNG is $44. With Americans sitting at home, legalizing online gambling makes sense financially for governments and to satiate the appetite of the restless, short-attention span population.
Let's take a look at the unusual options activity scanner:
A stream of bullish plays, ranging from $30 to $40, expiring July 24 and Aug 21.
$DKNG is both a stock and option play. I am eyeing a $28-$30 entry to incorporate the stock into my portfolio, and purchase options.
Personal Experience: A buddy of mine ran an (illegal) sports book in college, and netted 6 figures over the course of four years. Tons of potential tax dollars on the line.
With this information, I propose:
Short Term Play [HIGH RISK]:
DKNG $40 Aug 21 2020, trading at $3.50 at time of writing. 36.5% Probability ITM. Earnings Aug 13 2020.\*21,690 open interest in this position, which would control 2.2 MILLION Shares*\**
Long Term Play:
DKNG $45c Jan 15 2021, trading $6.70 at time of writing. 28% Probability ITM
3) Boeing, Co $BA [Aerospace & Defense] - BULLISH
Boeing is the cornerstone of millions of stock portfolios. I remember hawking the stock price while on vacation in Paris, when the plane crashed in March '19. My ex was pissed. I was more pissed for not picking up some stock and options when it bottomed around $100 a few months ago.
Bullish Boeing case:
Boeing has a large backlog that covers several years of production for the most popular aircraft, which gives us confidence in aggregate demand for aerospace products.
Boeing is well-positioned to benefit from emerging market growth in revenue passenger kilometers and a robust developed market replacement cycle over the next two decades.
We expect that commercial airframe manufacturing will remain a duopoly over the foreseeable future. We think customers will not have many options other than continuing to rely on incumbent aircraft suppliers.
$BA profile, from FindMarketPlays early access platform
COVID-19 has been a blessing in disguise for $BA. COVID-19 gifted $BA time, the most important thing they needed to fix their issues. Airlines are not flying, so it is excusable for $BA to have cancelled orders. Finally, as long as the oil-based dollar is the global currency, $BA will be in business selling weapons.
$BA overlaid with $RTX, another major defense contractor.
Despite the airline issues, $BA is tracking $RTX, because defense is where the big money is.
Let's take a look at the unusual options activity scanner:
$1.3 Million in $195 Sept 18 Calls
$800K in $180 Aug 21 Calls
Earnings is July 29th, but this is not an earnings play. The stock is consolidating in the $170-$180 range, a huge support and resistance in 2020. I am eyeing a $165-$170 entry to incorporate the stock into my portfolio, and purchase options.
With this information, I propose:
Short Term Play [HIGH RISK]:
BA $200c Oct 16 2020, trading at $14.01 at time of writing. 31% Probability ITM.
Long Term Play:
BA $240c Jun 18 2021, trading $18.75 at time of writing. 20% Probability ITM
Conclusion
Based on my research, $SQ stands to gain from $TWTR news, $DKNG is poised to dominate online gambling, $BA is slowly recovering, and will not fail.
TL,DR:
Short Term Play [HIGH RISK]:
SQ $130c Aug 7 2020, trading at $6.57 at time of writing. 41% Probability ITM. Earnings Aug 05 2020.
DKNG $40 Aug 21 2020, trading at $3.50 at time of writing. 36.5% Probability ITM. Earnings Aug 13 2020.\*21,690 open interest in this position, which would control 2.2 MILLION Shares*\**
BA $200c Oct 16 2020, trading at $14.01 at time of writing. 31% Probability ITM.
Long Term Play:
SQ $160c Jan 15 2021, trading $11.03 at time of writing. 23% Probability ITM
DKNG $45c Jan 15 2021, trading $6.70 at time of writing. 28% Probability ITM
BA $240c Jun 18 2021, trading $18.75 at time of writing. 20% Probability ITM
Final Note:
I will include the stock with the most mentions on this thread in my next analysis post. Will try to get to all your questions this time. This reddit post is not investment advice - do thorough research before ever investing.
Platform used is FindMarketPlays. Check my profile for a Demo. Enter your email here to know when it launches: https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSeUTcj420FlNTpk4Ynozlbi3CuxhaIu6HJkyHLxAfZpFfG37w/viewform?usp=pp_url
submitted by iKalculated to options [link] [comments]

That was a fun little ride.. but why?

So, I'm in the early stages of babypips and at the same time i thought i would learn my way around the trading platform using a demo account. How to make trades, stops, how margin works, etc...
I'm looking for a trade to make, checking the major currencies, around 12:30pm, and i notice that there is a sharp decline in GBP/USD. I'm wondering why.. my thoughts are, the japanese are trading, selling dollars and buying yen, maybe something to do with all the business that waits over the weekend. So, the USD is losing value... I'm also thinking that the americans are asleep, so are not around to balance it up, in other words, there will be a reversal when the americans wake up.
I buy 1,000,000 units at 1.30227. and then i wait.. I'm waiting for the swing over to the new york session.. i have to wait through the close of the london session and all the way up to about an hour before the close of the new york session. I decide to try to stick to my exit no matter what, just to see if my thoughts were any good..
I waited.. then I sold around 9pm, london time, so 4pm NY time, at 1.30755, making just over 4,000 in profit..
Chart for reference.. https://www.tradingview.com/x/JnUALja8
Obviously.. this could all be just blind luck.. which is why im asking.. what exactly did i see?
submitted by ob_mon to Forex [link] [comments]

BEARISH Option Plays [2-4 Month Horizon] [07/23/2020]

BEARISH Option Plays [2-4 Month Horizon] [07/23/2020]
This post covers 2 Bearish Option Plays across various industries.
Criteria for selecting Bearish Options Plays:
  • 500MM + Market Cap
  • Average Daily Volume 5MM +
  • Downtrend detected
Using these criteria, I have curated a basket of plays. The time frame of these options are 3-6 months out, to avoid Theta burn and maximize ITM potential. The beauty of these plays is that the stock only needs to move down a few % to be profitable, with a long time horizon as a hedge. Close the position within 2-4 months to minimize theta and maximize delta opportunity.
1) Disney $DIS [Media Conglomerates]
Things are not looking up for Disney. ESPN and Disney+ will be fine, but cruises and parks are in trouble considering the uncertainty of COVID-19. That, combined with the hotspots Florida and California, mean Disney is unlikely to resume full operations in 2020.
Bearish Disney Case:
Increases in the cost of popular programming such as sports events and television series could adversely affect margins at ESPN and ABC.
The business model for the media networks depends on the continued growth of retransmission and reverse compensation fees. Any slowdown in the growth of these fees, perhaps because the pay-television business begins to shrink, would hurt the profitability of this segment.
Developing mass-market hit programs can be unpredictable, especially as media fragmentation continues.
Disney Profile, from FindMarketPlays platform
Meets Criteria?
  • 500MM + Market Cap [214B]
  • Average Daily Volume 5MM + [11M]
  • Downtrend detected [Retesting Resistance level from 2019]
$DIS is back at 2019 levels - BEFORE Disney+ Was announced
Disney announced that Mulan, Star Wars, and Avatar are all delayed by at least a year. No one can film movies. No one can film TV shows. Sports are a 50/50 - meaning ESPN will be regurgitating the same content and speculation on the upcoming seasons. Cruises are a no-go. Parks are phased, and totally location dependent.
Let's take a look at unusual options activity on $DIS, from FindMarketPlays platform:
Someone selling huge amounts of Calls dated between July and January.
Someone selling 2500 calls betting $DIS will be below $120 next week.
With this information, I propose:
Short Term Play [HIGH RISK]:
DIS $$115p Sept 18 2020, trading at $4.80 at time of writing. 46% Probability ITM. Earnings Aug 04 2020.
Long Term Play:
DIS $100p Jan 15 2021, trading $4.40 at time of writing. 30% Probability ITM
2) Intel $INTC [Semiconductors]
Intel is one of three major Semiconductor companies, alongside NVDA and AMD. I am a strong believer that every industry can only support a duopoly at a maximum. After this poor earnings today, I have confirmed my bias that AMD and NVDA will fulfill this duopoly, and INTC will continue its downfall.
Bearish Intel Case:
Intel is facing a PC market in secular decline and must successfully maintain its technology lead to prevent market share loss to AMD.
The inability for Intel to break into the smartphone market at a reasonable level is cause for concern, as mobile devices continue to proliferate at the expense of PCs.
The rise of alternative solutions in the data center is cause for concern, with Nvidia's GPUs being leveraged to accelerate server workloads.
Intel Profile, from FindMarketPlays platform
Meets Criteria?
  • 500MM + Market Cap [256B]
  • Average Daily Volume 5MM + [20M]
  • Downtrend detected [Collapsing after poor earnings]
$INTC overlaid with $AMD and $NVDA - the market has chosen the duopoly
$INTC is being hammered, down 10% after poor earnings. They are losing to $AMD on one front and $NVDA on the other. Their lack of success and weak growth over the past few years is a perfect storm for $AMD and $NVDA to claim their market share.
Let's take a look at unusual options activity on $INTC, from FindMarketPlays platform:
Someone bought 750 $57.50 Puts expiring in January.
3,500 bearish contracts on $INTC.
With this information, I propose:
INTC $45p Jan 15 2021, trading at $1.01 at time of writing. 21% Probability ITM.
Conclusion
Based on my research, $DIS and $INTC are going to lose in 2020. Disney will recover, but Intel will not. We are seeing the rise of AMD and demise of INTC as we speak.
TL,DR:
Short Term Play [HIGH RISK]:
DIS $$115p Sept 18 2020, trading at $4.80 at time of writing. 46% Probability ITM. Earnings Aug 04 2020.
Long Term Play:
DIS $100p Jan 15 2021, trading $4.40 at time of writing. 30% Probability ITM
INTC $45p Jan 15 2021, trading at $1.01 at time of writing. 21% Probability ITM.
Final Note:
I will include the stock with the most mentions on this thread in my next analysis post. Will try to get to all your questions this time. This reddit post is not investment advice - do thorough research before ever investing.
Platform used for this research is FindMarketPlays. Check my profile for a Demo. Enter your email here to know when it launches:
https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLScyph-86h5xKcVIctGlqmLk5yQvmDVrAeiZyFA6FQCxywUHAw/viewform?usp=pp_url
submitted by iKalculated to options [link] [comments]

Aperently all trading platforms fraudulent (?)

Hey guys,
thanks for reading. i will make it as quick as possible.
Not long time ago i started to trade stocks, started learning strategies, picked a online broker and got beneficial shortly on my demo account. (which i still am). It might be ignorant but i m still new to it.
On my last trade for the first time i noticed a large delay and freeze on a stock on my trading platform in comparison with real-time exchange from independent sources. (in this case i haven't lost, but yet it is unacceptable with real money. if i must pull out, and broker freeze i could loose a large amount). can't take that risk, and don't have to i wanna believe.
So good so far, i started doing some research and it turned out that this and sh**loads of other strategies are used by the broker to cheat towards their benefits(making you loose).
Comparing endless trading platforms with reviews i figured out that ALL of them(comparing about 20 of the bigger names), has tons of negative reviews, in most of them people sharing similar experiences as i had(and worst then mine, manipulating numbers, raising margins out of nothing or when your stack is growing, freezing interface , delaying, closing accounts, betting against you etc.).
So this is my question, are all online broker scam?
Brokers have bunch of fees all over the place, why necessary to cheat on the clients.
So i'd still like to trade and to risk my money, nut only if there is some serious brokers out there.
Thanks for your time folks and i appreciate your opinions.
ak
submitted by cerdohonrado to Trading [link] [comments]

(MT4/Forex) Backtesting Multiple Currency Pairs Simultaneously

I’ve been testing an EA on MT4 which can be attached to any chart and used on any symbol. I know it’s not possible to backtest multiple symbols in one test on MT4, so I was wondering how using multiple symbols at once would impact my free margin. So far I have tested the symbols I would like to trade individually, and I was wondering if there is a way to infer what my results would look like if I traded multiple currencies at once.
I’ve considered dividing my lot size by the number of currencies I will trade, and then adding up the individual results to find average drawdowns and total profits, but I’m not 100% confident that is the best way to approach the situation. If I traded all currencies simultaneously with the lot size without dividing, my free margin would shrink by a multiple of the number of symbols traded, correct?
Just looking for any advice. I’m pretty new to trading so I apologize if my wording is unclear. Thanks
submitted by CKGulati to Forex [link] [comments]

Can someone help me please?

I have just opened an account with IC Markets and deposited $150 and used a 25:1 leverage, so when I’ve gone into MT4 an tried to short with a 0.09 lot size it says not enough money?
I have 25:1 leverage so shouldn’t i essentially have $3750 to be trading with? At 0.09 I am only risking $30 on the trade so why does it say I don’t have enough money?
submitted by progressivera to Forex [link] [comments]

Leverage and margin

Hello all, I am still in the demo phase of trading forex. I have a question about margin and leverage and I hope I make sense, and please correct me if I am wrong. Thank you
Let’s say someone opens an account with an initial amount of $1500 with a leverage of 50:1. So their true balance is $1500 and with the leverage it’s $75,000. They enter a trade and loss $300. Is that $300 deducted from their initial deposit of $1500, or is it deducted from their leverage that they have to owe back?
submitted by DreamK3ng to Forex [link] [comments]

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submitted by RiseExpert to u/RiseExpert [link] [comments]

Scaling Reddit Community Points with Arbitrum Rollup: a piece of cake

Scaling Reddit Community Points with Arbitrum Rollup: a piece of cake
https://preview.redd.it/b80c05tnb9e51.jpg?width=2550&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=850282c1a3962466ed44f73886dae1c8872d0f31
Submitted for consideration to The Great Reddit Scaling Bake-Off
Baked by the pastry chefs at Offchain Labs
Please send questions or comments to [[email protected] ](mailto:[email protected])
1. Overview
We're excited to submit Arbitrum Rollup for consideration to The Great Reddit Scaling Bake-Off. Arbitrum Rollup is the only Ethereum scaling solution that supports arbitrary smart contracts without compromising on Ethereum's security or adding points of centralization. For Reddit, this means that Arbitrum can not only scale the minting and transfer of Community Points, but it can foster a creative ecosystem built around Reddit Community Points enabling points to be used in a wide variety of third party applications. That's right -- you can have your cake and eat it too!
Arbitrum Rollup isn't just Ethereum-style. Its Layer 2 transactions are byte-for-byte identical to Ethereum, which means Ethereum users can continue to use their existing addresses and wallets, and Ethereum developers can continue to use their favorite toolchains and development environments out-of-the-box with Arbitrum. Coupling Arbitrum’s tooling-compatibility with its trustless asset interoperability, Reddit not only can scale but can onboard the entire Ethereum community at no cost by giving them the same experience they already know and love (well, certainly know).
To benchmark how Arbitrum can scale Reddit Community Points, we launched the Reddit contracts on an Arbitrum Rollup chain. Since Arbitrum provides full Solidity support, we didn't have to rewrite the Reddit contracts or try to mimic their functionality using an unfamiliar paradigm. Nope, none of that. We launched the Reddit contracts unmodified on Arbitrum Rollup complete with support for minting and distributing points. Like every Arbitrum Rollup chain, the chain included a bridge interface in which users can transfer Community Points or any other asset between the L1 and L2 chains. Arbitrum Rollup chains also support dynamic contract loading, which would allow third-party developers to launch custom ecosystem apps that integrate with Community Points on the very same chain that runs the Reddit contracts.
1.1 Why Ethereum
Perhaps the most exciting benefit of distributing Community Points using a blockchain is the ability to seamlessly port points to other applications and use them in a wide variety of contexts. Applications may include simple transfers such as a restaurant that allows Redditors to spend points on drinks. Or it may include complex smart contracts -- such as placing Community Points as a wager for a multiparty game or as collateral in a financial contract.
The common denominator between all of the fun uses of Reddit points is that it needs a thriving ecosystem of both users and developers, and the Ethereum blockchain is perhaps the only smart contract platform with significant adoption today. While many Layer 1 blockchains boast lower cost or higher throughput than the Ethereum blockchain, more often than not, these attributes mask the reality of little usage, weaker security, or both.
Perhaps another platform with significant usage will rise in the future. But today, Ethereum captures the mindshare of the blockchain community, and for Community Points to provide the most utility, the Ethereum blockchain is the natural choice.
1.2 Why Arbitrum
While Ethereum's ecosystem is unmatched, the reality is that fees are high and capacity is too low to support the scale of Reddit Community Points. Enter Arbitrum. Arbitrum Rollup provides all of the ecosystem benefits of Ethereum, but with orders of magnitude more capacity and at a fraction of the cost of native Ethereum smart contracts. And most of all, we don't change the experience from users. They continue to use the same wallets, addresses, languages, and tools.
Arbitrum Rollup is not the only solution that can scale payments, but it is the only developed solution that can scale both payments and arbitrary smart contracts trustlessly, which means that third party users can build highly scalable add-on apps that can be used without withdrawing money from the Rollup chain. If you believe that Reddit users will want to use their Community Points in smart contracts--and we believe they will--then it makes the most sense to choose a single scaling solution that can support the entire ecosystem, eliminating friction for users.
We view being able to run smart contracts in the same scaling solution as fundamentally critical since if there's significant demand in running smart contracts from Reddit's ecosystem, this would be a load on Ethereum and would itself require a scaling solution. Moreover, having different scaling solutions for the minting/distribution/spending of points and for third party apps would be burdensome for users as they'd have to constantly shuffle their Points back and forth.
2. Arbitrum at a glance
Arbitrum Rollup has a unique value proposition as it offers a combination of features that no other scaling solution achieves. Here we highlight its core attributes.
Decentralized. Arbitrum Rollup is as decentralized as Ethereum. Unlike some other Layer 2 scaling projects, Arbitrum Rollup doesn't have any centralized components or centralized operators who can censor users or delay transactions. Even in non-custodial systems, centralized components provide a risk as the operators are generally incentivized to increase their profit by extracting rent from users often in ways that severely degrade user experience. Even if centralized operators are altruistic, centralized components are subject to hacking, coercion, and potential liability.
Massive Scaling. Arbitrum achieves order of magnitude scaling over Ethereum's L1 smart contracts. Our software currently supports 453 transactions-per-second for basic transactions (at 1616 Ethereum gas per tx). We have a lot of room left to optimize (e.g. aggregating signatures), and over the next several months capacity will increase significantly. As described in detail below, Arbitrum can easily support and surpass Reddit's anticipated initial load, and its capacity will continue to improve as Reddit's capacity needs grow.
Low cost. The cost of running Arbitrum Rollup is quite low compared to L1 Ethereum and other scaling solutions such as those based on zero-knowledge proofs. Layer 2 fees are low, fixed, and predictable and should not be overly burdensome for Reddit to cover. Nobody needs to use special equipment or high-end machines. Arbitrum requires validators, which is a permissionless role that can be run on any reasonable on-line machine. Although anybody can act as a validator, in order to protect against a “tragedy of the commons” and make sure reputable validators are participating, we support a notion of “invited validators” that are compensated for their costs. In general, users pay (low) fees to cover the invited validators’ costs, but we imagine that Reddit may cover this cost for its users. See more on the costs and validator options below.
Ethereum Developer Experience. Not only does Arbitrum support EVM smart contracts, but the developer experience is identical to that of L1 Ethereum contracts and fully compatible with Ethereum tooling. Developers can port existing Solidity apps or write new ones using their favorite and familiar toolchains (e.g. Truffle, Buidler). There are no new languages or coding paradigms to learn.
Ethereum wallet compatibility. Just as in Ethereum, Arbitrum users need only hold keys, but do not have to store any coin history or additional data to protect or access their funds. Since Arbitrum transactions are semantically identical to Ethereum L1 transactions, existing Ethereum users can use their existing Ethereum keys with their existing wallet software such as Metamask.
Token interoperability. Users can easily transfer their ETH, ERC-20 and ERC-721 tokens between Ethereum and the Arbitrum Rollup chain. As we explain in detail below, it is possible to mint tokens in L2 that can subsequently be withdrawn and recognized by the L1 token contract.
Fast finality. Transactions complete with the same finality time as Ethereum L1 (and it's possible to get faster finality guarantees by trading away trust assumptions; see the Arbitrum Rollup whitepaper for details).
Non-custodial. Arbitrum Rollup is a non-custodial scaling solution, so users control their funds/points and neither Reddit nor anyone else can ever access or revoke points held by users.
Censorship Resistant. Since it's completely decentralized, and the Arbitrum protocol guarantees progress trustlessly, Arbitrum Rollup is just as censorship-proof as Ethereum.
Block explorer. The Arbitrum Rollup block explorer allows users to view and analyze transactions on the Rollup chain.
Limitations
Although this is a bake-off, we're not going to sugar coat anything. Arbitrum Rollup, like any Optimistic Rollup protocol, does have one limitation, and that's the delay on withdrawals.
As for the concrete length of the delay, we've done a good deal of internal modeling and have blogged about this as well. Our current modeling suggests a 3-hour delay is sufficient (but as discussed in the linked post there is a tradeoff space between the length of the challenge period and the size of the validators’ deposit).
Note that this doesn't mean that the chain is delayed for three hours. Arbitrum Rollup supports pipelining of execution, which means that validators can keep building new states even while previous ones are “in the pipeline” for confirmation. As the challenge delays expire for each update, a new state will be confirmed (read more about this here).
So activity and progress on the chain are not delayed by the challenge period. The only thing that's delayed is the consummation of withdrawals. Recall though that any single honest validator knows immediately (at the speed of L1 finality) which state updates are correct and can guarantee that they will eventually be confirmed, so once a valid withdrawal has been requested on-chain, every honest party knows that the withdrawal will definitely happen. There's a natural place here for a liquidity market in which a validator (or someone who trusts a validator) can provide withdrawal loans for a small interest fee. This is a no-risk business for them as they know which withdrawals will be confirmed (and can force their confirmation trustlessly no matter what anyone else does) but are just waiting for on-chain finality.
3. The recipe: How Arbitrum Rollup works
For a description of the technical components of Arbitrum Rollup and how they interact to create a highly scalable protocol with a developer experience that is identical to Ethereum, please refer to the following documents:
Arbitrum Rollup Whitepaper
Arbitrum academic paper (describes a previous version of Arbitrum)
4. Developer docs and APIs
For full details about how to set up and interact with an Arbitrum Rollup chain or validator, please refer to our developer docs, which can be found at https://developer.offchainlabs.com/.
Note that the Arbitrum version described on that site is older and will soon be replaced by the version we are entering in Reddit Bake-Off, which is still undergoing internal testing before public release.
5. Who are the validators?
As with any Layer 2 protocol, advancing the protocol correctly requires at least one validator (sometimes called block producers) that is honest and available. A natural question is: who are the validators?
Recall that the validator set for an Arbitrum chain is open and permissionless; anyone can start or stop validating at will. (A useful analogy is to full nodes on an L1 chain.) But we understand that even though anyone can participate, Reddit may want to guarantee that highly reputable nodes are validating their chain. Reddit may choose to validate the chain themselves and/or hire third-party validators.To this end, we have begun building a marketplace for validator-for-hire services so that dapp developers can outsource validation services to reputable nodes with high up-time. We've announced a partnership in which Chainlink nodes will provide Arbitrum validation services, and we expect to announce more partnerships shortly with other blockchain infrastructure providers.
Although there is no requirement that validators are paid, Arbitrum’s economic model tracks validators’ costs (e.g. amount of computation and storage) and can charge small fees on user transactions, using a gas-type system, to cover those costs. Alternatively, a single party such as Reddit can agree to cover the costs of invited validators.
6. Reddit Contract Support
Since Arbitrum contracts and transactions are byte-for-byte compatible with Ethereum, supporting the Reddit contracts is as simple as launching them on an Arbitrum chain.
Minting. Arbitrum Rollup supports hybrid L1/L2 tokens which can be minted in L2 and then withdrawn onto the L1. An L1 contract at address A can make a special call to the EthBridge which deploys a "buddy contract" to the same address A on an Arbitrum chain. Since it's deployed at the same address, users can know that the L2 contract is the authorized "buddy" of the L1 contract on the Arbitrum chain.
For minting, the L1 contract is a standard ERC-20 contract which mints and burns tokens when requested by the L2 contract. It is paired with an ERC-20 contract in L2 which mints tokens based on whatever programmer provided minting facility is desired and burns tokens when they are withdrawn from the rollup chain. Given this base infrastructure, Arbitrum can support any smart contract based method for minting tokens in L2, and indeed we directly support Reddit's signature/claim based minting in L2.
Batch minting. What's better than a mint cookie? A whole batch! In addition to supporting Reddit’s current minting/claiming scheme, we built a second minting design, which we believe outperforms the signature/claim system in many scenarios.
In the current system, Reddit periodically issues signed statements to users, who then take those statements to the blockchain to claim their tokens. An alternative approach would have Reddit directly submit the list of users/amounts to the blockchain and distribute the tokens to the users without the signature/claim process.
To optimize the cost efficiency of this approach, we designed an application-specific compression scheme to minimize the size of the batch distribution list. We analyzed the data from Reddit's previous distributions and found that the data is highly compressible since token amounts are small and repeated, and addresses appear multiple times. Our function groups transactions by size, and replaces previously-seen addresses with a shorter index value. We wrote client code to compress the data, wrote a Solidity decompressing function, and integrated that function into Reddit’s contract running on Arbitrum.
When we ran the compression function on the previous Reddit distribution data, we found that we could compress batched minting data down to to 11.8 bytes per minting event (averaged over a 6-month trace of Reddit’s historical token grants)compared with roughly 174 bytes of on-chain data needed for the signature claim approach to minting (roughly 43 for an RLP-encoded null transaction + 65 for Reddit's signature + 65 for the user's signature + roughly 8 for the number of Points) .
The relative benefit of the two approaches with respect to on-chain call data cost depends on the percentage of users that will actually claim their tokens on chain. With the above figures, batch minting will be cheaper if roughly 5% of users redeem their claims. We stress that our compression scheme is not Arbitrum-specific and would be beneficial in any general-purpose smart contract platform.
8. Benchmarks and costs
In this section, we give the full costs of operating the Reddit contracts on an Arbitrum Rollup chain including the L1 gas costs for the Rollup chain, the costs of computation and storage for the L2 validators as well as the capital lockup requirements for staking.
Arbitrum Rollup is still on testnet, so we did not run mainnet benchmarks. Instead, we measured the L1 gas cost and L2 workload for Reddit operations on Arbitrum and calculated the total cost assuming current Ethereum gas prices. As noted below in detail, our measurements do not assume that Arbitrum is consuming the entire capacity of Ethereum. We will present the details of our model now, but for full transparency you can also play around with it yourself and adjust the parameters, by copying the spreadsheet found here.
Our cost model is based on measurements of Reddit’s contracts, running unmodified (except for the addition of a batch minting function) on Arbitrum Rollup on top of Ethereum.
On the distribution of transactions and frequency of assertions. Reddit's instructions specify the following minimum parameters that submissions should support:
Over a 5 day period, your scaling PoC should be able to handle:
  • 100,000 point claims (minting & distributing points)
  • 25,000 subscriptions
  • 75,000 one-off points burning
  • 100,000 transfers
We provide the full costs of operating an Arbitrum Rollup chain with this usage under the assumption that tokens are minted or granted to users in batches, but other transactions are uniformly distributed over the 5 day period. Unlike some other submissions, we do not make unrealistic assumptions that all operations can be submitted in enormous batches. We assume that batch minting is done in batches that use only a few percent on an L1 block’s gas, and that other operations come in evenly over time and are submitted in batches, with one batch every five minutes to keep latency reasonable. (Users are probably already waiting for L1 finality, which takes at least that long to achieve.)
We note that assuming that there are only 300,000 transactions that arrive uniformly over the 5 day period will make our benchmark numbers lower, but we believe that this will reflect the true cost of running the system. To see why, say that batches are submitted every five minutes (20 L1 blocks) and there's a fixed overhead of c bytes of calldata per batch, the cost of which will get amortized over all transactions executed in that batch. Assume that each individual transaction adds a marginal cost of t. Lastly assume the capacity of the scaling system is high enough that it can support all of Reddit's 300,000 transactions within a single 20-block batch (i.e. that there is more than c + 300,000*t byes of calldata available in 20 blocks).
Consider what happens if c, the per-batch overhead, is large (which it is in some systems, but not in Arbitrum). In the scenario that transactions actually arrive at the system's capacity and each batch is full, then c gets amortized over 300,000 transactions. But if we assume that the system is not running at capacity--and only receives 300,000 transactions arriving uniformly over 5 days-- then each 20-block assertion will contain about 200 transactions, and thus each transaction will pay a nontrivial cost due to c.
We are aware that other proposals presented scaling numbers assuming that 300,000 transactions arrived at maximum capacity and was executed in a single mega-transaction, but according to our estimates, for at least one such report, this led to a reported gas price that was 2-3 orders of magnitude lower than it would have been assuming uniform arrival. We make more realistic batching assumptions, and we believe Arbitrum compares well when batch sizes are realistic.
Our model. Our cost model includes several sources of cost:
  • L1 gas costs: This is the cost of posting transactions as calldata on the L1 chain, as well as the overhead associated with each batch of transactions, and the L1 cost of settling transactions in the Arbitrum protocol.
  • Validator’s staking costs: In normal operation, one validator will need to be staked. The stake is assumed to be 0.2% of the total value of the chain (which is assumed to be $1 per user who is eligible to claim points). The cost of staking is the interest that could be earned on the money if it were not staked.
  • Validator computation and storage: Every validator must do computation to track the chain’s processing of transactions, and must maintain storage to keep track of the contracts’ EVM storage. The cost of computation and storage are estimated based on measurements, with the dollar cost of resources based on Amazon Web Services pricing.
It’s clear from our modeling that the predominant cost is for L1 calldata. This will probably be true for any plausible rollup-based system.
Our model also shows that Arbitrum can scale to workloads much larger than Reddit’s nominal workload, without exhausting L1 or L2 resources. The scaling bottleneck will ultimately be calldata on the L1 chain. We believe that cost could be reduced substantially if necessary by clever encoding of data. (In our design any compression / decompression of L2 transaction calldata would be done by client software and L2 programs, never by an L1 contract.)
9. Status of Arbitrum Rollup
Arbitrum Rollup is live on Ethereum testnet. All of the code written to date including everything included in the Reddit demo is open source and permissively licensed under the Apache V2 license. The first testnet version of Arbitrum Rollup was released on testnet in February. Our current internal version, which we used to benchmark the Reddit contracts, will be released soon and will be a major upgrade.
Both the Arbitrum design as well as the implementation are heavily audited by independent third parties. The Arbitrum academic paper was published at USENIX Security, a top-tier peer-reviewed academic venue. For the Arbitrum software, we have engaged Trail of Bits for a security audit, which is currently ongoing, and we are committed to have a clean report before launching on Ethereum mainnet.
10. Reddit Universe Arbitrum Rollup Chain
The benchmarks described in this document were all measured using the latest internal build of our software. When we release the new software upgrade publicly we will launch a Reddit Universe Arbitrum Rollup chain as a public demo, which will contain the Reddit contracts as well as a Uniswap instance and a Connext Hub, demonstrating how Community Points can be integrated into third party apps. We will also allow members of the public to dynamically launch ecosystem contracts. We at Offchain Labs will cover the validating costs for the Reddit Universe public demo.
If the folks at Reddit would like to evaluate our software prior to our public demo, please email us at [email protected] and we'd be more than happy to provide early access.
11. Even more scaling: Arbitrum Sidechains
Rollups are an excellent approach to scaling, and we are excited about Arbitrum Rollup which far surpasses Reddit's scaling needs. But looking forward to Reddit's eventual goal of supporting hundreds of millions of users, there will likely come a time when Reddit needs more scaling than any Rollup protocol can provide.
While Rollups greatly reduce costs, they don't break the linear barrier. That is, all transactions have an on-chain footprint (because all calldata must be posted on-chain), albeit a far smaller one than on native Ethereum, and the L1 limitations end up being the bottleneck for capacity and cost. Since Ethereum has limited capacity, this linear use of on-chain resources means that costs will eventually increase superlinearly with traffic.
The good news is that we at Offchain Labs have a solution in our roadmap that can satisfy this extreme-scaling setting as well: Arbitrum AnyTrust Sidechains. Arbitrum Sidechains are similar to Arbitrum Rollup, but deviate in that they name a permissioned set of validators. When a chain’s validators agree off-chain, they can greatly reduce the on-chain footprint of the protocol and require almost no data to be put on-chain. When validators can't reach unanimous agreement off-chain, the protocol reverts to Arbitrum Rollup. Technically, Arbitrum Sidechains can be viewed as a hybrid between state channels and Rollup, switching back and forth as necessary, and combining the performance and cost that state channels can achieve in the optimistic case, with the robustness of Rollup in other cases. The core technical challenge is how to switch seamlessly between modes and how to guarantee that security is maintained throughout.
Arbitrum Sidechains break through this linear barrier, while still maintaining a high level of security and decentralization. Arbitrum Sidechains provide the AnyTrust guarantee, which says that as long as any one validator is honest and available (even if you don't know which one will be), the L2 chain is guaranteed to execute correctly according to its code and guaranteed to make progress. Unlike in a state channel, offchain progress does not require unanimous consent, and liveness is preserved as long as there is a single honest validator.
Note that the trust model for Arbitrum Sidechains is much stronger than for typical BFT-style chains which introduce a consensus "voting" protocols among a small permissioned group of validators. BFT-based protocols require a supermajority (more than 2/3) of validators to agree. In Arbitrum Sidechains, by contrast, all you need is a single honest validator to achieve guaranteed correctness and progress. Notice that in Arbitrum adding validators strictly increases security since the AnyTrust guarantee provides correctness as long as any one validator is honest and available. By contrast, in BFT-style protocols, adding nodes can be dangerous as a coalition of dishonest nodes can break the protocol.
Like Arbitrum Rollup, the developer and user experiences for Arbitrum Sidechains will be identical to that of Ethereum. Reddit would be able to choose a large and diverse set of validators, and all that they would need to guarantee to break through the scaling barrier is that a single one of them will remain honest.
We hope to have Arbitrum Sidechains in production in early 2021, and thus when Reddit reaches the scale that surpasses the capacity of Rollups, Arbitrum Sidechains will be waiting and ready to help.
While the idea to switch between channels and Rollup to get the best of both worlds is conceptually simple, getting the details right and making sure that the switch does not introduce any attack vectors is highly non-trivial and has been the subject of years of our research (indeed, we were working on this design for years before the term Rollup was even coined).
12. How Arbitrum compares
We include a comparison to several other categories as well as specific projects when appropriate. and explain why we believe that Arbitrum is best suited for Reddit's purposes. We focus our attention on other Ethereum projects.
Payment only Rollups. Compared to Arbitrum Rollup, ZK-Rollups and other Rollups that only support token transfers have several disadvantages:
  • As outlined throughout the proposal, we believe that the entire draw of Ethereum is in its rich smart contracts support which is simply not achievable with today's zero-knowledge proof technology. Indeed, scaling with a ZK-Rollup will add friction to the deployment of smart contracts that interact with Community Points as users will have to withdraw their coins from the ZK-Rollup and transfer them to a smart contract system (like Arbitrum). The community will be best served if Reddit builds on a platform that has built-in, frictionless smart-contract support.
  • All other Rollup protocols of which we are aware employ a centralized operator. While it's true that users retain custody of their coins, the centralized operator can often profit from censoring, reordering, or delaying transactions. A common misconception is that since they're non-custodial protocols, a centralized sequencer does not pose a risk but this is incorrect as the sequencer can wreak havoc or shake down users for side payments without directly stealing funds.
  • Sidechain type protocols can eliminate some of these issues, but they are not trustless. Instead, they require trust in some quorum of a committee, often requiring two-third of the committee to be honest, compared to rollup protocols like Arbitrum that require only a single honest party. In addition, not all sidechain type protocols have committees that are diverse, or even non-centralized, in practice.
  • Plasma-style protocols have a centralized operator and do not support general smart contracts.
13. Concluding Remarks
While it's ultimately up to the judges’ palate, we believe that Arbitrum Rollup is the bakeoff choice that Reddit kneads. We far surpass Reddit's specified workload requirement at present, have much room to optimize Arbitrum Rollup in the near term, and have a clear path to get Reddit to hundreds of millions of users. Furthermore, we are the only project that gives developers and users the identical interface as the Ethereum blockchain and is fully interoperable and tooling-compatible, and we do this all without any new trust assumptions or centralized components.
But no matter how the cookie crumbles, we're glad to have participated in this bake-off and we thank you for your consideration.
About Offchain Labs
Offchain Labs, Inc. is a venture-funded New York company that spun out of Princeton University research, and is building the Arbitrum platform to usher in the next generation of scalable, interoperable, and compatible smart contracts. Offchain Labs is backed by Pantera Capital, Compound VC, Coinbase Ventures, and others.
Leadership Team
Ed Felten
Ed Felten is Co-founder and Chief Scientist at Offchain Labs. He is on leave from Princeton University, where he is the Robert E. Kahn Professor of Computer Science and Public Affairs. From 2015 to 2017 he served at the White House as Deputy United States Chief Technology Officer and senior advisor to the President. He is an ACM Fellow and member of the National Academy of Engineering. Outside of work, he is an avid runner, cook, and L.A. Dodgers fan.
Steven Goldfeder
Steven Goldfeder is Co-founder and Chief Executive Officer at Offchain Labs. He holds a PhD from Princeton University, where he worked at the intersection of cryptography and cryptocurrencies including threshold cryptography, zero-knowledge proof systems, and post-quantum signatures. He is a co-author of Bitcoin and Cryptocurrency Technologies, the leading textbook on cryptocurrencies, and he has previously worked at Google and Microsoft Research, where he co-invented the Picnic signature algorithm. When not working, you can find Steven spending time with his family, taking a nature walk, or twisting balloons.
Harry Kalodner
Harry Kalodner is Co-founder and Chief Technology Officer at Offchain Labs where he leads the engineering team. Before the company he attended Princeton as a Ph.D candidate where his research explored economics, anonymity, and incentive compatibility of cryptocurrencies, and he also has worked at Apple. When not up at 3:00am writing code, Harry occasionally sleeps.
submitted by hkalodner to ethereum [link] [comments]

Best broker to invest in SWRD/IWDA/EIMI? I did the math

Edit:Post has been updated with all feedback from comments
I've been trying to find out the best broker to invest in SWRD and even though InvestingForTwo and FinancialHorse have great articles they don't focus on these ETFs specifically and I wasn't sure if the fees comaprisons were still the same.
So to help other new 3-Fund Investors I've compiled what I found , if there are any mistakes please let me know.
Principles this assessment is based on
All money here is in USD
pandarable has pointed out Standard Charted Priority Banking is the best option once you hit 200KSGD (140KUSD) in *total assets* (savings + investments)
100K USD = ~140K SGD, so if one has 60K SGD of savings or SG investments it is best to switch to SCB as Priority Banking lets one trade overseas at 0.2% fees and in SG stocks at 0.18% fees and a host of other benefits
 
Interactive Brokers
To purchase SWRD, by default there is a minimum fee of $5 (Look for "LSE International Order Book and USD-denominated stocks")
However, as per u/bestblink, you can change it from "Fixed" to "Tiered" fee structure, reducing the fee to $1.90
For those 26 and above - $10 per month
Which translates to $120 per year on $10K of investments (1.2% fees)
For those 25 and below - $3 per month (Look for "Client is age 25 or under")
So even if you DCA every month or Lump Sum it, you will pay $36 in fees annually
So this is the bar to beat
 
Saxo
Saxo has two platforms SavoInvestor and SaxoTradeGo but they both have the same fee structure of 0.1% with a minimum of 8 GBP and a 0.12% annual custody fee
Look at "London Stock Exchange" ignore "London Stock Exchange (IOB)"
They convert the "min.GBP 8" fee to USD which at this point of writing is $9.92
To minimize fees one would have to invest at least $9920
So this would be ideal for the Lump Sum Approach
 
Invest $10K at one shot, for a $10 transaction fee and $12 custody fee
So a total annual fee of $22 if you Lump Sum annually
 
But I know that in uncertain markets, people tend to want to DCA.
 
It's not practical to list out all combinations so heres the formula for you to DYI
[(Min fee 8 GBP) X (no. of investments per year)] * (GBP to USD Xchange rate)
E.G To DCA quarterly (not including custody fee of $12)
(8 GBP X 4) * (1.24) = $39.70
To DCA monthly (not including custody fee of $12)
(8 GBp X 12) * (1.24) = $119.10
 
One detail to keep in mind, the custody fee is tied to the value of your portfolio, so it will go from $12 to $24 to $36 as your portfolio increases in 10K of value yearly
 
Standard Charted
Full disclosure, this is the one I am most uncertain about as I could not find a demo trading platform for SC, if there are any corrections please let me know
Standard Charted lists a fee structure of a minimun of $10 with a 0.25% brokerage fee
You may see something regarding a 1% stamp duty ("Stamp Duty of 1.00% (Buy trades; IE ISIN shares only)")
But that does not apply as per u/rahssell and u/rainbow1112  
So to minimize fees (100/0.25 X $10) one need to invest at least $4000
 
So we can break our $10K into 2X$5K sums or one lump sum of $10K, either way the fees are same
 
.25/100 X $10000 = $25
 
However, SC charges 7% GST, which makes it $26.75
So $26.75 if Lump Sum Annually
If they were to DCA quarterly
$10.70 X 4 = $43.80 [Minimum fee of $10 with 7% GST]
To DCA monthly
$10.70 X 12= $128.40 [Minimum fee of $10 with 7% GST]
 
So annual fees for the brokers
IB - $36-$120 (LS/DCA)
Saxo - $22 (LS) -$119.10 (DCA)
SC - $26.75 (LS)/ $128.50 (DCA)
 
But the math doesnt end here, as Saxo has a custody fee that isn't fixed, it's percentage based
To do this properly, from we need to calculate the fees from $0 to $100K over 10 years
 
IB
If you start at 26 or above
$120 X 10 = $1200 total fees to reach $100K
But this fee decreases if you're under 26
Let every year under 26 you are be "Z"
$1200 - ("Z" x $84)
 
The $84 is the difference in normal fees ($120) and the reduced fees for hose under 26 ($36)
 
E.g Best case scenaro you are 18
$1200 - (8 X 84) = $528
 
Saxo
With its 0.1% fee structure the brokerage fee is straightforward
0.1/100 X $100000 = $100 (Brokerage fees)
The custody fees will be $540
Based on .12% on 10K on the first year with amount increasing by 10K each year
So $640 total if Lump Sum annually
 
Using previous calculations to account for DCA
If DCA quarterly
($39.70 X 10) + $540 = $937
If DCA monthly
($119.1 X 10) + $540 = $1731
 
Standard Charted
SC is straightforward if you Lump Sum annually or DCA Biannually
$26.75 X 10 = $267.5
If you DCA quarterly
$42.80 X 10 = $428
If you DCA monthly
$128.40 X 10 = $1284
 
So fees to reach $100K with each broker (not including exchange rate)
Broker Lump Sum Quar DCA Mntly DCA
IB 528-1200 528 - 1200 528 - 1200
Saxo 640 937 1731
SC 267.50 428 1284
 
Exchange Rates
 
Interactive Brokers
 
At our volume, IB charges a minimum of $2 per exchange for Interbank rates as pointed out by u/kalangkabok
 
So your exchange fees for a year can be as low as $2 if you exchange $10k in a Lump Sum or up to $24 if you decide to exchage monthly as you DCA
 
So over 10 years on our way ot reach $100K, this would cost between $20 to $240
 
Saxo
Saxo charges a fixed .75% (Under currency conversion fee) as pointed out by u/InvestingForTwo which is quite a lot
So on $100K, this adds up to $750
 
SC
So far I calculated SC exchange fee using their LiveFX service by my own estimates it is around 0.4% which is corroborated by u/kalangkabok calculating a 0.43% exchange rate
 
So 0.4% of $100K would be $400
 
TL;DR
Total fees to reach 100K with each broker
Broker Lump Sum Quar DCA Mntly DCA
IB 548-1240 548 - 1280 548 - 1440
Saxo 1390 1687 2481
SC 667.50 828 1684
The exchange fee for IB is dependent if you exchange annually, quarterly or monthly
Formula for IB
Let every year under 26 you are be "Z"
$1200 - ("Z" x $84) = Base fee
Add the amount corresponding amount based on how you plan on exchanging 10K yearly
LS Q Mthly
20 80 240
Edit: u/marcuskh shared a spreadsheet by cfleee from the ShinyThings threadon HWZ to estimate costs as well. Good for people to play with
submitted by csm133 to singaporefi [link] [comments]

Day Trading API Questions

So I've recently become interested in automated Forex day trading using machine learning (My main experience is with deep-learning) and have been searching online for the best broker to start with. But the resources have been overwhelming and I thought to come here to talk with some more experienced people.
On that note, I'm looking for a Broker with...
-An accurate, fast API (I'm looking to pull historical and real-time data to train and use my network on respectively)
-Low-commission rates, I'm not pursuing this with massive capital, so I was hoping to get the lowest commission rate so as to not have my profit margins eaten up
-Decently trustworthy, cause I don't want to get screwed over
-Has Demo and Live accounts both available to the API, cause I would much rather prefer to test my network paper trading first, but not have a big headache over switching it to Live trading

Sorry if these conditions are too specific (Again, new), but any guidance would be really appreciated!

PS: For those with ML experience, I'm thinking about using a genetic algorithm simply because I haven't used them before, would they be complete trash at day trading?
submitted by TooManyUsernames456 to Forex [link] [comments]

Defi Coins List In Detail

A Detail List Of Defi Coin

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submitted by jakkkmotivator to Latest_Defi_News [link] [comments]

forex factory

In addition, in Forex, with a little bit of money, you are able to control bigger market positions using the leverage or margin trading. Effect of 1:100 is common in the Fore marketplace. It permits you to control numbers 100 times bigger than your capital, whilst leverage of 1:1000 and 1:500 are available with a few businesses that are offshore. The Forex market can be traded anyplace and everywhere. As long as you have access to web and a pc, you have the ability to trade the Forex market. An important issue to consider before leaping to trading currencies is it is worth practicing with"paper money", or"fake money", online demo account. Most foreign exchange agents have demo accounts where you are able to download their trading system and training in real-time with real market information but with"virtual currency". While profitable demonstration trading cannot guarantee your success with real money. 1st contact forex

There are numerous advantages of the Forex market over several kinds of financial trading. There is 1 type that springs to mind, when speaking about different investments that are accessible to everyone. Even the Forex or foreign exchange market has many advantages over other types of trading. Because it is an OTC (over-the-counter) market, the Forex market is open 24 hours daily, unlike the regular stock or commodity markets. Most investments require a substantial quantity of money until you're able to make the most of this investment opportunity. Everyone can enter the marketplace with just as little as 1 to trade a"micro account", which enables you to open positions of 1,000 units. One lot of 1,000 units of currency is equivalent to 1 contract from account that is micro. Each"pip" or"tick" (lowest currency rate movement down or up ) is worth $0.10 profit or decrease, depending on wheather you are going with the Marketplace or against it Forex is among the most liquid markets.best forex broker uk
When trading currencies on the spot Forex market you've got complete control of your capital, which means that you can purchase and sell your positions anytime throughout market stage. This is a definite benefit because, if you will need to utilize your account cash, it may be obtained without additional commission or waiting intervals. Many different sorts of investments need holding up your money . Forex dealers may be profitable in bullish or bearish market conditions. Stock market traders want stock prices to grow to be able to take a profit, since short-selling is an issue to limits in stock trades. Forex dealers may produce a profit . Forex Currency trading is considered risky but with a trading platform that was fantastic to very decent money management skills, and a certain level of self-discipline, the risks of Forex trading can be lessened. forex peace army
submitted by elzajohn265 to u/elzajohn265 [link] [comments]

Day Trading Margin! SHOULD YOU USE IT? Margin Plus Demo 01 Webinar on E-Margin E margin trading: stock market ICICIdirect Margin Trade - YouTube

Transfer funds to your demo margin account After having demo coins in the you demo account, you need to transfer them to "demo margin account" for demo margin trading. The action of transferring assets is the same as real trading, please click here to view detail. Demo margin account balance. When you want to check the balance of your demo ... For each trade made in a margin account, we use all available cash and sweep funds first and then charge the customer the current margin interest rate on the balance of the funds required to fill the order. The minimum equity requirement for a margin account is $2,000. Please read more information regarding the risks of trading on margin. Stock trading demo accounts, for example, will give you practice reacting to volatile markets and capitalising on price fluctuations. Broker & platform – Finally, online trading with demo accounts is an effective way to test a potential broker and platform. For example, you can check their software has all the charts and tools you need. Margin trading is one of the most dominant trends in the crypto market. It involves borrowing funds to amplify potential returns when buying or selling cryptocurrency. With margin trading, traders can leverage increased buying/selling power and can open positions that are much larger than their actual account balance. Leverage and Margin Trading is the hottest way to make profits in the cryptosphere in 2020! By depositing a minimal amount or margin, traders can borrow additional funds or leverage from the exchange and extend their position exponentially! We create crypto margin trading platforms that come with trendy features and security protocols.

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Day Trading Margin! SHOULD YOU USE IT?

Day Trading Margin! Should you use it? Now thats a good question and it seems that some people are confused on how Margin works and why its an everyday tool for DayTraders. Talking about Margin ... leonArdo has rebranded as margin! Check out Margin Trading in our free demo: https://margin.io ️ Bitcointalk: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=146793... Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. What Is Margin Trading? मार्जिन ट्रेडिंग क्या होता है ? ... Brokerage Charges, Demo - Duration: 19:07. A Digital Blogger 17,892 views. 19:07 ... Learn how to Invest in Share/Stock Market in India for Beginners only in 3 Minutes by Pankaj Jain. - Duration: 9:52. Pankaj Jain 411,428 views

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