You may have heard about off-shore tax havens of questionable legality where wealthy people invest their money in legal "grey zones" and don't pay any tax, as featured for example, in Netflix's drama, The Laundromat. The reality is that the Government of Canada offers 100% tax-free investing throughout your life, with unlimited withdrawals of your contributions and profits, and no limits on how much you can make tax-free. There is also nothing to report to the Canada Revenue Agency. Although Britain has a comparable program, Canada is the only country in the world that offers tax-free investing with this level of power and flexibility. Thank you fellow Redditors for the wonderful Gold Award and Today I Learned Award! (Unrelated but Important Note: I put a link at the bottom for my margin account explainer. Many people are interested in margin trading but don't understand the math behind margin accounts and cannot find an explanation. If you want to do margin, but don't know how, click on the link.) As a Gen-Xer, I wrote this post with Millennials in mind, many of whom are getting interested in investing in ETFs, individual stocks, and also my personal favourite, options. Your generation is uniquely positioned to take advantage of this extremely powerful program at a relatively young age. But whether you're in your 20's or your 90's, read on! Are TFSAs important? In 2020 Canadians have almost 1 trillion dollars saved up in their TFSAs, so if that doesn't prove that pennies add up to dollars, I don't know what does. The TFSA truly is the Great Canadian Tax Shelter. I will periodically be checking this and adding issues as they arise, to this post. I really appreciate that people are finding this useful. As this post is now fairly complete from a basic mechanics point of view, and some questions are already answered in this post, please be advised that at this stage I cannot respond to questions that are already covered here. If I do not respond to your post, check this post as I may have added the answer to the FAQs at the bottom.
How to Invest in Stocks
A lot of people get really excited - for good reason - when they discover that the TFSA allows you to invest in stocks, tax free. I get questions about which stocks to buy. I have made some comments about that throughout this post, however; I can't comprehensively answer that question. Having said that, though, if you're interested in picking your own stocks and want to learn how, I recommmend starting with the following videos: The first is by Peter Lynch, a famous American investor in the 80's who wrote some well-respected books for the general public, like "One Up on Wall Street." The advice he gives is always valid, always works, and that never changes, even with 2020's technology, companies and AI: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cRMpgaBv-U4&t=2256s The second is a recording of a university lecture given by investment legend Warren Buffett, who expounds on the same principles: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2MHIcabnjrA Please note that I have no connection to whomever posted the videos.
TFSAs were introduced in 2009 by Stephen Harper's government, to encourage Canadians to save. The effect of the TFSA is that ordinary Canadians don't pay any income or capital gains tax on their securities investments. Initial uptake was slow as the contribution rules take some getting used to, but over time the program became a smash hit with Canadians. There are about 20 million Canadians with TFSAs, so the uptake is about 70%- 80% (as you have to be the age of majority in your province/territory to open a TFSA).
Eligibility to Open a TFSA
You must be a Canadian resident with a valid Social Insurance Number to open a TFSA. You must be at the voting age in the province in which you reside in order to open a TFSA, however contribution room begins to accumulate from the year in which you turned 18. You do not have to file a tax return to open a TFSA. You do not need to be a Canadian citizen to open and contribute to a TFSA. No minimum balance is required to open a TFSA.
Where you Can Open a TFSA
There are hundreds of financial institutions in Canada that offer the TFSA. There is only one kind of TFSA; however, different institutions offer a different range of financial products. Here are some examples:
The Canadian big 5 bank branches and most other financial institutions offer a TFSA that allows you to buy mutual funds, hold cash, GICs, term deposits, and possibly ETFs. This is a good choice if you want guaranteed returns or diversified investing.
There are a number of on-line banks such as Tangerine, Simplii Financial, Oaken Financial, and many more that offer the TFSA.
The discount DIY brokerage arms of the big 5 banks give you more choices, including stocks, warrants, bonds and options. There are also standalone brokers like IBKR Canada, Questrade, Qtrade, and Virtual Brokers, among others, that offer this.
Some brokerages and financial advisors also offer TFSAs that give you these investment choices, in different formats such as:
Traditional brokerage, where a stockbroker invests your money (BMO Nesbitt Burns, RBC Dominion Securities and others)
Financial advisor who will invest your money according to a plan you put together with the advisor (TSI Network and many others)
"Robo" advisors such as Wealthsimple, RBC InvestEase, BMO SmartFolio, or Wealthbar
BMO's AdviceDirect, which is a semi-directed hybrid between standalone DIY investing and fully-advised investing, where you operate on a DIY basis but have access to a registered investment advisor (a live person) who can give you suggetions and advice.
Your TFSA may be covered by either CIFP or CDIC insuranceor both. Ask your bank or broker for details.
What You Can Trade and Invest In
You can trade the following:
GICS, mutual funds, term deposits
individual common and preferred stocks listed on an "approved exchange" which is the TSX, TSX-V, NASDAQ, NYSE, and about 20 other exchanges worldwide, but not the US OTC pink sheets. Many examples, such as Suncor, Linamar, Apple, any of the big banks, and many thousands of others, when you want to buy into an individual company
stock-like securities like REITS, ETFs and ETNs, including 2x and 3x leveraged
gold and silver certificates
cash of many countries (CAD/USD/EUGBP/AUD/NZD/JPY/CHF and many others)
government bills and bonds of most countries, subsovereigns like Canadian provincial bills and bonds, and most corporations
options that trade on the Montreal Exchange or various options exchanges in the USA and the rest of the word (see FAQ for details)
gold, silver bullion certificates
shares in certain private companies -- but consult your tax advisor on this
What You Cannot Trade
You cannot trade:
commodity futures contracts
option spread positions (see FAQ for details)
anything that requires a margin account, meaning, a special kind of account that allows you to borrow money directly from the broker against the assets you have in your account and the assets you intend to buy.
crypto (although there exist crypto ETNs that you can buy)
Again, if it requires a margin account, it's out. You cannot buy on margin in a TFSA. Nothing stopping you from borrowing money from other sources as long as you stay within your contribution limits, but you can't trade on margin in a TFSA. You can of course trade long puts and calls which give you leverage.
Rules for Contribution Room
Starting at 18 you get a certain amount of contribution room. According to the CRA: You will accumulate TFSA contribution room for each year even if you do not file an Income Tax and Benefit Return or open a TFSA. The annual TFSA dollar limit for the years 2009 to2012 was $5,000. The annual TFSA dollar limit for the years 2013 and 2014 was $5,500. The annual TFSA dollar limit for the year 2015 was $10,000. The annual TFSA dollar limit for the years 2016 to 2018 was $5,500. The annual TFSA dollar limit for the year 2019 is $6,000. The TFSA annual room limit will be indexed to inflation and rounded to the nearest $500. Investment income earned by, and changes in the value of TFSA investments will not affect your TFSA contribution room for the current or future years. https://www.canada.ca/en/revenue-agency/services/tax/individuals/topics/tax-free-savings-account/contributions.html If you don't use the room, it accumulates indefinitely. Trades you make in a TFSA are truly tax free. But you cannot claim the dividend tax credit and you cannot claim losses in a TFSA against capital gains whether inside or outside of the TFSA. So do make money and don't lose money in a TFSA. You are stuck with the 15% withholding tax on U.S. dividend distributions unlike the RRSP, due to U.S. tax rules, but you do not pay any capital gains on sale of U.S. shares. You can withdraw *both* contributions *and* capital gains, no matter how much, at any time, without penalty. The amount of the withdrawal (contributions+gains) converts into contribution room in the *next* calendar year. So if you put the withdrawn funds back in the same calendar year you take them out, that burns up your total accumulated contribution room to the extent of the amount that you re-contribute in the same calendar year.
E.g. Say you turned 18 in 2016 in Alberta where the age of majority is 18. It is now sometime in 2020. You have never contributed to a TFSA. You now have $5,500+$5,500+$5,500+$6,000+$6,000 = $28,500 of room in 2020. In 2020 you manage to put $20,000 in to your TFSA and you buy Canadian Megacorp common shares. You now have $8,500 of room remaining in 2020. Sometime in 2021 - it doesn't matter when in 2021 - your shares go to $100K due to the success of the Canadian Megacorp. You also have $6,000 worth of room for 2021 as set by the government. You therefore have $8,500 carried over from 2020+$6,000 = $14,500 of room in 2021. In 2021 you sell the shares and pull out the $100K. This amount is tax-free and does not even have to be reported. You can do whatever you want with it. But: if you put it back in 2021 you will over-contribute by $100,000 - $14,500 = $85,500 and incur a penalty. But if you wait until 2022 you will have $14,500 unused contribution room carried forward from 2021, another $6,000 for 2022, and $100,000 carried forward from the withdrawal 2021, so in 2022 you will have $14,500+$6,000+$100,000 = $120,500 of contribution room. This means that if you choose, you can put the $100,000 back in in 2022 tax-free and still have $20,500 left over. If you do not put the money back in 2021, then in 2022 you will have $120,500+$6,000 = $126,500 of contribution room. There is no age limit on how old you can be to contribute, no limit on how much money you can make in the TFSA, and if you do not use the room it keeps carrying forward forever. Just remember the following formula: This year's contribution room = (A) unused contribution room carried forward from last year + (B) contribution room provided by the government for this year + (C) total withdrawals from last year. EXAMPLE 1: Say in 2020 you never contributed to a TFSA but you were 18 in 2009. You have $69,500 of unused room (see above) in 2020 which accumulated from 2009-2020. In 2020 you contribute $50,000, leaving $19,500 contribution room unused for 2020. You buy $50,000 worth of stock. The next day, also in 2020, the stock doubles and it's worth $100,000. Also in 2020 you sell the stock and withdraw $100,000, tax-free. You continue to trade stocks within your TFSA, and hopefully grow your TFSA in 2020, but you make no further contributions or withdrawals in 2020. The question is, How much room will you have in 2021? Answer: In the year 2021, the following applies: (A) Unused contribution room carried forward from last year, 2020: $19,500 (B) Contribution room provided by government for this year, 2021: $6,000 (C) Total withdrawals from last year, 2020: $100,000 Total contribution room for 2021 = $19,500+6,000+100,000 = $125,500. EXAMPLE 2: Say between 2020 and 2021 you decided to buy a tax-free car (well you're still stuck with the GST/PST/HST/QST but you get the picture) so you went to the dealer and spent $25,000 of the $100,000 you withdrew in 2020. You now have a car and $75,000 still burning a hole in your pocket. Say in early 2021 you re-contribute the $75,000 you still have left over, to your TFSA. However, in mid-2021 you suddenly need $75,000 because of an emergency so you pull the $75,000 back out. But then a few weeks later, it turns out that for whatever reason you don't need it after all so you decide to put the $75,000 back into the TFSA, also in 2021. You continue to trade inside your TFSA but make no further withdrawals or contributions. How much room will you have in 2022? Answer: In the year 2022, the following applies: (A) Unused contribution room carried forward from last year, 2021: $125,500 - $75,000 - $75,000 = -$24,500. Already you have a problem. You have over-contributed in 2021. You will be assessed a penalty on the over-contribution! (penalty = 1% a month). But if you waited until 2022 to re-contribute the $75,000 you pulled out for the emergency..... In the year 2022, the following would apply: (A) Unused contribution room carried forward from last year, 2021: $125,500 -$75,000 =$50,500. (B) Contribution room provided by government for this year, 2022: $6,000 (C) Total withdrawals from last year, 2020: $75,000 Total contribution room for 2022 = $50,500 + $6,000 + $75,000 = $131,500. ...And...re-contributing that $75,000 that was left over from your 2021 emergency that didn't materialize, you still have $131,500-$75,000 = $56,500 of contribution room left in 2022. For a more comprehensive discussion, please see the CRA info link below.
FAQs That Have Arisen in the Discussion and Other Potential Questions:
Equity and ETF/ETN Options in a TFSA: can I get leverage? Yes. You can buy puts and calls in your TFSA and you only need to have the cash to pay the premium and broker commissions. Example: if XYZ is trading at $70, and you want to buy the $90 call with 6 months to expiration, and the call is trading at $2.50, you only need to have $250 in your account, per option contract, and if you are dealing with BMO IL for example you need $9.95 + $1.25/contract which is what they charge in commission. Of course, any profits on closing your position are tax-free. You only need the full value of the strike in your account if you want to exercise your option instead of selling it. Please note: this is not meant to be an options tutorial; see the Montreal Exchange's Equity Options Reference Manual if you have questions on how options work.
Equity and ETF/ETN Options in a TFSA: what is ok and not ok? Long puts and calls are allowed. Covered calls are allowed, but cash-secured puts are not allowed. All other option trades are also not allowed. Basically the rule is, if the trade is not a covered call and it either requires being short an option or short the stock, you can't do it in a TFSA.
Live in a province where the voting age is 19 so I can't open a TFSA until I'm 19, when does my contribution room begin? Your contribution room begins to accumulate at 18, so if you live in province where the age of majority is 19, you'll get the room carried forward from the year you turned 18.
If I turn 18 on December 31, do I get the contribution room just for that day or for the whole year? The whole year.
Do commissions paid on share transactions count as withdrawals? Unfortunately, no. If you contribute $2,000 cash and you buy $1,975 worth of stock and pay $25 in commission, the $25 does not count as a withdrawal. It is the same as if you lost money in the TFSA.
How much room do I have? If your broker records are complete, you can do a spreadsheet. The other thing you can do is call the CRA and they will tell you.
TFSATFSA direct transfer from one institution to another: this has no impact on your contributions or withdrawals as it counts as neither.
More than 1 TFSA: you can have as many as you want but your total contribution room does not increase or decrease depending on how many accounts you have.
Withdrawals that convert into contribution room in the next year. Do they carry forward indefinitely if not used in the next year? Answer :yes.
Do I have to declare my profits, withdrawals and contributions? No. Your bank or broker interfaces directly with the CRA on this. There are no declarations to make.
Risky investments - smart? In a TFSA you want always to make money, because you pay no tax, and you want never to lose money, because you cannot claim the loss against your income from your job. If in year X you have $5,000 of contribution room and put it into a TFSA and buy Canadian Speculative Corp. and due to the failure of the Canadian Speculative Corp. it goes to zero, two things happen. One, you burn up that contribution room and you have to wait until next year for the government to give you more room. Two, you can't claim the $5,000 loss against your employment income or investment income or capital gains like you could in a non-registered account. So remember Buffett's rule #1: Do not lose money. Rule #2 being don't forget the first rule. TFSA's are absolutely tailor-made for Graham-Buffett value investing or for diversified ETF or mutual fund investing, but you don't want to buy a lot of small specs because you don't get the tax loss.
Moving to/from Canada/residency. You must be a resident of Canada and 18 years old with a valid SIN to open a TFSA. Consult your tax advisor on whether your circumstances make you a resident for tax purposes. Since 2009, your TFSA contribution room accumulates every year, if at any time in the calendar year you are 18 years of age or older and a resident of Canada. Note: If you move to another country, you can STILL trade your TFSA online from your other country and keep making money within the account tax-free. You can withdraw money and Canada will not tax you. But you have to get tax advice in your country as to what they do. There restrictions on contributions for non-residents. See "non residents of Canada:" https://www.canada.ca/content/dam/cra-arc/formspubs/pub/rc4466/rc4466-19e.pdf
The U.S. withholding tax. Dividends paid by U.S.-domiciled companies are subject to a 15% U.S. withholding tax. Your broker does this automatically at the time of the dividend payment. So if your stock pays a $100 USD dividend, you only get $85 USD in your broker account and in your statement the broker will have a note saying 15% U.S. withholding tax. I do not know under what circumstances if any it is possible to get the withheld amount. Normally it is not, but consult a tax professional.
The U.S. withholding tax does not apply to capital gains. So if you buy $5,000 USD worth of Apple and sell it for $7,000 USD, you get the full $2,000 USD gain automatically.
Tax-Free Leverage. Leverage in the TFSA is effectively equal to your tax rate * the capital gains inclusion rate because you're not paying tax. So if you're paying 25% on average in income tax, and the capital gains contribution rate is 50%, the TFSA is like having 12.5%, no margin call leverage costing you 0% and that also doesn't magnify your losses.
Margin accounts. These accounts allow you to borrow money from your broker to buy stocks. TFSAs are not margin accounts. Nothing stopping you from borrowing from other sources (such as borrowing cash against your stocks in an actual margin account, or borrowing cash against your house in a HELOC or borrowing cash against your promise to pay it back as in a personal LOC) to fund a TFSA if that is your decision, bearing in mind the risks, but a TFSA is not a margin account. Consider options if you want leverage that you can use in a TFSA, without borrowing money.
Dividend Tax Credit on Canadian Companies. Remember, dividends paid into the TFSA are not eligible to be claimed for the credit, on the rationale that you already got a tax break.
FX risk. The CRA allows you to contribute and withdraw foreign currency from the TFSA but the contribution/withdrawal accounting is done in CAD. So if you contribute $10,000 USD into your TFSA and withdraw $15,000 USD, and the CAD is trading at 70 cents USD when you contribute and $80 cents USD when you withdraw, the CRA will treat it as if you contributed $14,285.71 CAD and withdrew $18,75.00 CAD.
OTC (over-the-counter stocks). You can only buy stocks if they are listed on an approved exchange ("approved exchange" = TSX, TSX-V, NYSE, NASDAQ and about 25 or so others). The U.S. pink sheets "over-the-counter" market is an example of a place where you can buy stocks, that is not an approved exchange, therefore you can't buy these penny stocks. I have however read that the CRA make an exception for a stock traded over the counter if it has a dual listing on an approved exchange. You should check that with a tax lawyer or accountant though.
The RRSP. This is another great tax shelter. Tax shelters in Canada are either deferrals or in a few cases - such as the TFSA - outright tax breaks, The RRSP is an example of a deferral. The RRSP allows you to deduct your contributions from your income, which the TFSA does not allow. This deduction is a huge advantage if you earn a lot of money. The RRSP has tax consequences for withdrawing money whereas the TFSA does not. Withdrawals from the RRSP are taxable whereas they are obviously not in a TFSA. You probably want to start out with a TFSA and maintain and grow that all your life. It is a good idea to start contributing to an RRSP when you start working because you get the tax deduction, and then you can use the amount of the deduction to contribute to your TFSA. There are certain rules that claw back your annual contribution room into an RRSP if you contribute to a pension. See your tax advisor.
Pensions. If I contribute to a pension does that claw back my TFSA contribution room or otherwise affect my TFSA in any way? Answer: No.
The $10K contribution limit for 2015. This was PM Harper's pledge. In 2015 the Conservative government changed the rules to make the annual government allowance $10,000 per year forever. Note: withdrawals still converted into contribution room in the following year - that did not change. When the Liberals came into power they switched the program back for 2016 to the original Harper rules and have kept the original Harper rules since then. That is why there is the $10,000 anomaly of 2015. The original Harper rules (which, again, are in effect now) called for $500 increments to the annual government allowance as and when required to keep up with inflation, based on the BofC's Consumer Price Index (CPI). Under the new Harper rules, it would have been $10,000 flat forever. Which you prefer depends on your politics but the TFSA program is massively popular with Canadians. Assuming 1.6% annual CPI inflation then the annual contribution room will hit $10,000 in 2052 under the present rules. Note: the Bank of Canada does an excellent and informative job of explaining inflation and the CPI at their website.
Losses in a TFSA - you cannot claim a loss in a TFSA against income. So in a TFSA you always want to make money and never want to lose money. A few ppl here have asked if you are losing money on your position in a TFSA can you transfer it in-kind to a cash account and claim the loss. I would expect no as I cannot see how in view of the fact that TFSA losses can't be claimed, that the adjusted cost base would somehow be the cost paid in the TFSA. But I'm not a tax lawyeaccountant. You should consult a tax professional.
Transfers in-kind to the TFSA and the the superficial loss rule. You can transfer securities (shares etc.) "in-kind," meaning, directly, from an unregistered account to the TFSA. If you do that, the CRA considers that you "disposed" of, meaning, equivalent to having sold, the shares in the unregistered account and then re-purchased them at the same price in the TFSA. The CRA considers that you did this even though the broker transfers the shares directly in the the TFSA. The superficial loss rule, which means that you cannot claim a loss for a security re-purchased within 30 days of sale, applies. So if you buy something for $20 in your unregistered account, and it's trading for $25 when you transfer it in-kind into the TFSA, then you have a deemed disposition with a capital gain of $5. But it doesn't work the other way around due to the superficial loss rule. If you buy it for $20 in the unregistered account, and it's trading at $15 when you transfer it in-kind into the TFSA, the superficial loss rule prevents you from claiming the loss because it is treated as having been sold in the unregistered account and immediately bought back in the TFSA.
Day trading/swing trading. It is possible for the CRA to try to tax your TFSA on the basis of "advantage." The one reported decision I'm aware of (emphasis on I'm aware of) is from B.C. where a woman was doing "swap transactions" in her TFSA which were not explicitly disallowed but the court rules that they were an "advantage" in certain years and liable to taxation. Swaps were subsequently banned. I'm not sure what a swap is exactly but it's not that someone who is simply making contributions according to the above rules would run afoul of. The CRA from what I understand doesn't care how much money you make in the TFSA, they care how you made it. So if you're logged on to your broker 40 hours a week and trading all day every day they might take the position that you found a way to work a job 40 hours a week and not pay any tax on the money you make, which they would argue is an "advantage," although there are arguments against that. This is not legal advice, just information.
The U.S. Roth IRA. This is a U.S. retirement savings tax shelter that is superficially similar to the TFSA but it has a number of limitations, including lack of cumulative contribution room, no ability for withdrawals to convert into contribution room in the following year, complex rules on who is eligible to contribute, limits on how much you can invest based on your income, income cutoffs on whether you can even use the Roth IRA at all, age limits that govern when and to what extent you can use it, and strict restrictions on reasons to withdraw funds prior to retirement (withdrawals prior to retirement can only be used to pay for private medical insurance, unpaid medical bills, adoption/childbirth expenses, certain educational expenses). The TFSA is totally unlike the Roth IRA in that it has none of these restrictions, therefore, the Roth IRA is not in any reasonable sense a valid comparison. The TFSA was modeled after the U.K. Investment Savings Account, which is the only comparable program to the TFSA.
The UK Investment Savings Account. This is what the TFSA was based off of. Main difference is that the UK uses a 20,000 pound annual contribution allowance, use-it-or-lose-it. There are several different flavours of ISA, and some do have a limited recontribution feature but not to the extent of the TFSA.
Is it smart to overcontribute to buy a really hot stock and just pay the 1% a month overcontribution penalty? If the CRA believes you made the overcontribution deliberately the penalty is 100% of the gains on the overcontribution, meaning, you can keep the overcontribution, or the loss, but the CRA takes the profit.
Speculative stocks-- are they ok? There is no such thing as a "speculative stock." That term is not used by the CRA. Either the stock trades on an approved exchange or it doesn't. So if a really blue chip stock, the most stable company in the world, trades on an exchange that is not approved, you can't buy it in a TFSA. If a really speculative gold mining stock in Busang, Indonesia that has gone through the roof due to reports of enormous amounts of gold, but their geologist somehow just mysteriously fell out of a helicopter into the jungle and maybe there's no gold there at all, but it trades on an approved exchange, it is fine to buy it in a TFSA. Of course the risk of whether it turns out to be a good investment or not, is on you.
Remember, you're working for your money anyway, so if you can get free money from the government -- you should take it! Follow the rules because Canadians have ended up with a tax bill for not understanding the TFSA rules. Appreciate the feedback everyone. Glad this basic post has been useful for many. The CRA does a good job of explaining TFSAs in detail at https://www.canada.ca/content/dam/cra-arc/formspubs/pub/rc4466/rc4466-19e.pdf
Unrelated but of Interest: The Margin Account
Note: if you are interested in how margin accounts work, I refer you to my post on margin accounts, where I use a straightforward explanation of the math behind margin accounts to try and give readers the confidence that they understand this powerful leveraging tool.
The next XVG? Microcap 100x potential actually supported by fundamentals!
What’s up team? I have a hot one for you. XVG returned 12 million percent in 2017 and this one reminds me a lot of it. Here’s why: Mimblewimble is like Blu-Ray compared to CD-ROM in terms of its ability to compress data on a blockchain. The current BTC chain is 277gb and its capacity is limited because every time you spend a coin, each node needs to validate its history back to when it was mined (this is how double spending is prevented). Mimblewimble is different - all transactions in a block are aggregated and netted out in one giant CoinJoin, and only the current spending needs to be verified. This means that dramatically more transactions can fit into a smaller space, increasing throughput and lowering fees while still retaining the full proof of work game theory of Bitcoin. These blockchains are small enough to run a full node on a cheap smartphone, which enhances the decentralization and censorship resistance of the network. The biggest benefit, though, is that all transactions are private - the blockchain doesn’t reveal amounts or addresses except to the actual wallet owner. Unlike earlier decoy-based approaches that bloat the chain and can still be data mined (XMR), Mimblewimble leaves no trace in the blockchain, instead storing only the present state of coin ownership. The first two Mimblewimble coins, Grin and Beam, launched to great fanfare in 2019, quickly reaching over $100m in market cap (since settled down to $22m and $26m respectively). They are good projects but grin has infinite supply and huge never-decreasing emission, and Beam is a corporate moneygrab whose founding investors are counting on you buying for their ROI. ZEC is valued at $568m today, despite the facts that only 1% of transactions are actually shielded, it has a trusted setup, and generating a confidential transaction takes ~60 seconds on a powerful PC. XMR is a great project but it’s valued at $1.2b (so no 100x) and it uses CryptoNote, which is 2014 tech that relies on a decoy-based approach that could be vulnerable to more powerful computers in the future. Mimblewimble is just a better way to approach privacy because there is simply no data recorded in the blockchain for companies to surveil. Privacy is not just for darknet markets, porn, money launderers and terrorists. In many countries it’s dangerous to be wealthy, and there are all kinds of problems with having your spending data be out there publicly and permanently for all to see. Namely, companies like Amazon are patenting approaches to identify people with their crypto addresses, “for law enforcement” but also so that, just like credit cards, your spending data can be used to target ads. (A) Coinbase is selling user data to the DEA, IRS, FBI, Secret Service, and who knows who else? (B) What about insurance companies raising your premiums or canceling your policy because they see you buying (legal) cannabis? If your business operates using transparent cryptocurrency, competitors can data mine your customer and supply chain data, and employees can see how much everyone else gets paid. I could go on, but the idea of “I have nothing to hide, so what do I care about privacy?” will increasingly ring hollow as people realize that this money printing will have to be paid by massive tax increases AND that those taxes will be directly debited from their “Central Bank Digital Currency” wallets. 100% privacy for all transactions also eliminates one HUGE problem that people aren’t aware of yet, but they will be: fungibility. Fungibility means that each coin is indistinguishable from any other, just like paper cash. Why is this important? Because of the ever-expanding reach of AML/KYC/KYT (Anti-Money Laundering / Know Your Customer / Know Your Transaction) as regulators cramp down on crypto and banks take over, increasingly coins become “tainted” in various ways. For example, if you withdraw coins to a mixing service like Wasabi or Samourai, you may find your account blocked. (C) The next obvious step is that if you receive coins that these chainalysis services don’t like for whatever reason, you will be completely innocent yet forced to prove that you didn’t know that the coins you bought were up to no good in a past life. 3 days ago, $100k of USDC was frozen. (D) Even smaller coins like LTC now have this problem, because “Chinese Drug Kingpins” used them. (E) I believe that censorable money that can be blocked/frozen isn’t really “your money”. Epic Cash is a 100% volunteer community project (like XVG and XMR) that had a fair launch in September last year with no ICO and no premine. There are very few projects like this, and it’s a key ingredient in Verge’s success (still at $110m market cap today despite being down 97% since the bubble peak) and why it’s still around. It has a small but super passionate community of “Freemen” who are united by a belief in the sound money economics of Bitcoin Standard emission (21m supply limit and ever-decreasing inflation) and the importance of privacy. I am super bullish on this coin for the following reasons:
Only $400k market cap
Supply started at zero, so there are no VC’s and team to dump on you into the pumps - all coins are mined into existence, just like Bitcoin.
It just had its first halving, reducing emission from 16 to 8 per block. Between now and 2028 there are FOUR (!) more halvings, from 4 to 2 to 1 and then finally 0.15 (I guess that would be an 85%-ing :p) and at this point the supply is the same as BTC and stays in sync forever until the last coin is mined in 2140. This simple supply curve is already accepted by the market as a winner, so why mess with success? (I)
Meets Andreas Antonopolous’ 5 pillars of open blockchains test: Public, Open, Borderless, Neutral, and Censorship Resistant. (How many coins can say this?)
Unlike Bitcoin, Epic created a multi-algorithm approach that enables people to mine on ordinary computers - 60% for CPU on RandomX, 38% for GPU on ProgPow, and 2% for ASIC’s on Cuckoo31+. The algorithms don’t compete with one another. This is essential for leveling the playing field and preventing massive farms from dominating. These percentages can change over time and new algorithms can be easily dropped in. You can mine today using an old laptop and in 5 years you will still be able to. Incidentally, there is nothing standing in the way of adding mobile phone-based mining, which ETN showed there’s a huge demand for.
Based off the excellent Grin codebase, which means they continue to pull in ongoing core code enhancements and focus on ease of use and market penetration instead. (Smart!)
Litecoin’s Charlie Lee is out there daily talking about their move to Mimblewimble, which provides free publicity. What people don’t realize is that you can’t just bolt on Mimblewimble to a legacy blockchain, that’s like putting a Ferrari engine into a school bus - it’s still a school bus, not a race car! LTC is doing it as an optional soft fork via “extension blocks” which will not be supported by all wallets and exchanges. Also, anyone using “optional” privacy features is declaring themselves to be suspicious, which kind of defeats the point for people who care about privacy.
The community is friendly and welcoming to new people coming in, with lots of helpful (independently created) tutorials and guides. (F)
It’s already a global phenomenon, with the whitepaper in 20+ languages (G) and (not bot-infested) active local-language communities on not only Telegram but also Wechat, LINE, QQ and other messenger platforms.
It’s only on two random little exchanges currently, Citex and Vitex. Vitex is actually a pretty good DEX with no KYC and a great mobile wallet.
They are very creative - since centralized exchanges want huge money to list, they created a non-inflationary ERC20 tracker token that’s exchangeable 1:1 for coins so that Uniswap trading is possible (H)
Because it doesn’t have a huge marketing budget in a sea of VC-funded shitcoins, it is as-yet undiscovered, which is why it’s so cheap. There are only 4 Mimblewimble-based currencies on the market: MWC at $162m, BEAM at $26m, GRIN at $22m, and EPIC at $0.4m. This is not financial advice and as always, do your own research, but I’ve been buying this gem for months and will continue to. This one ticks all the boxes for me, the only real problem is that it’s hard to buy much without causing a huge green candle. Alt season is coming, and coins like this are how your neighbor Chad got his Lambo back in 2017. For 2021, McLaren is a better choice and be sure to pay cash so that it doesn’t get repossessed like Chad!
With Bitcoin Suddenly Surging, Canaan Stock Is Also Going Up Today
Aave - an open source and non-custodial protocol to earn interest on deposits & borrow assets
Akropolis - an undercollateralised lending protocol aiming at DeFi yield optimisation and interest-rate sharing
Atomic Loans - a lending platform that accepts trustless BTC collateral via custom Bitcoin scripts
bZx - a decentralized protocol that enables lending and borrowing for margin trading
Compound - an open-source money market protocol on Ethereum that lets users lend or borrow assets against collateral
DeFiner - a globally available, decentralized lending marketplace to securely borrow and lend digital assets through smart-contracts
Force Protocol - an open financial platform providing a wide range of financial services including lending, banking and stablecoins
Maker - a decentralized credit platform on Ethereum that supports Dai, a stablecoin whose value is pegged to USD and backed in ETH or BAT
Nitrogen Network - a decentralized P2P network for secured loans
Swap Rate - a DeFi interest rate swap tool built on the Opium protocol
Augur - a decentralized oracle and peer-to-peer protocol for prediction markets on Ethereum that lets anyone create a market around the outcome of any real-world event
ACO - a decentralized and non-custodial options trading protocol
Balancer - a non-custodial portfolio manager, liquidity provider, and price sensor
Bancor - a protocol on Ethereum for non-custodial token exchange using pooled liquidity
DeversiFi - a high-speed, non-custodial Layer 2 exchange built with STARKs technology, allowing for 9,000+ tps with deep liquidity, low fees, privacy and speed.
DEX AG - a trading interface that finds you the best price from 11 different DEXes
dYdX - a non-custodial trading platform on Ethereum geared toward experienced traders
Gnosis Protocol - a fully decentralized trading protocol that allows anyone to add any trading token pair
Hegic - an on-chain peer-to-pool options trading protocol built on Ethereum
Helena - a smart contract platform with gamified prediction markets
Jelly Swap - a peer to peer trading tool across different blockchains using atomic swaps
KyberSwap - a permissionless cross-chain atomic swap protocol, enabling trading of tokens across different chains
Leverj - a secure and decentralized high performance plasma based exchange
Local Ethereum - a non - custodial peer-to-peer ETH marketplace featuring end to end encryption and on -chain escrow.
Loopring DEX - a non-custodial Layer 2 DEX built on top of the Looping protocol
Market Protocol - a protocol on Ethereum which offers tokenized leverage trading of any asset through synthetic pricing
MCDEX - a decentralized derivatives trading platform for perpetuals & futures
MerkleX - a decentralized exchange that uses a decentralized clearing network. Merklex allows traders to set limits on what can happen to their funds.
Nuo Network - a non-custodial platform on Ethereum that provides a decentralized debt marketplace. Users can lend, borrow, or margin trade any supported cryptoasset
Ren - a provider of inter-blockchain liquidity for all decentralized applications
Set Protocol - a protocol designed to create, manage, and obtain baskets of tokenized assets
Synthetix - a decentralized platform on Ethereum for the creation of Synths: on-chain synthetic assets that track the value of real-world assets
Tokenlon - a DEX with off-chain matching, and on-chain settlment via 0x
UMA - a decentralized protocol to enable the creation, maintenance, and settlement of financial contracts for any underlying asset
Uniswap - a fully decentralized on-chain protocol for token exchanges on Ethereum that uses liquidity pools instead of order books
Veridex - a Mesh connected 0x relayer with trading, swap and market making tools
Flexa - a payment network that enables merchants to accept digital currencies without the risk of fraud or volatility through off-chain collateralization.
Fuse - a blockchain payment integration for businesses
Request Network - an open network for transaction requests. It allows anyone to create, store and access invoices and receipts in a universal, decentralized network.
Alpha Wallet - a mobile-based wallet built for Dapps. Do everything with only a few taps.
Argent - a secure smart contract wallet built for simplicity, security and usability.
Ash - a wallet interface focused on DeFi asset management powered by Melon Protocol
Atomex - a multicurrency HD wallet with built-in hybrid atomic swap exchange
Coinbase Wallet - a non-custodial, DeFi enabled mobile wallet that lets you securely store your tokens and collectibles
DEXWallet - a mobile wallet for decentralized finance
Eidoo - a non-custodial wallet that allows users to store, exchange and transact cryptoassets with a wide range of DeFi services and tools
Math Wallet - a multi-chain non-custodial wallet with embedded browser functionality and DApp store
Meet.One - a multi-chain DeFi wallet, non-custodial and easy-to-use
Monolith - a decentralised banking alternative, powered by Ethereum
My Crypto - an easy to use app that helps you create, import, and manage all your wallets
My Ether Wallet - a free, easy-to-use and open-source client-side interface that helps you interact with the Ethereum blockchain
Gnosis Safe - a secure way to manage funds and interact with decentralized applications on Ethereum
HB Wallet - a non-custodial DeFi-enabled wallet available on multiple platforms
Poketto - a wallet that you can actually show to your parents
Bamboo Relay - a 0x relayer built to trade, lend, and borrow tokens directly from your wallet.
Dca.land - an automated & decentralized dollar cost averaging tool
DDEX - Decentralized Margin TradingTrade with leverage and earn passive income in DeFi
DeBank - an all-in-one DeFi wallet with on-chain DeFi stats
DeFi Saver - an easy to use management portal for MakerDAO CDPs and compound protfolios
DeFi Snap - a simple dashboard that helps visualize all DeFi assets and liabilities
dForce Network - a decentralized finance protocol, starting with the first synthetic indexed stablecoin - USDx
Dharma - a peer-to-peer marketplace on Ethereum for non-custodial lending and borrowing of cryptocurrencies built on an extensible open source protocol
EasyCDP - an interface for MakerDAO that vastly simplifies the process of opening and managing a CDP
FiatDex Gateway - a simple browser-based interface to interact with the FiatDex protocol which allows users to trustlessly swap fiat to crypto
Frontier - a mobile interface integrating all DeFi Protocols and Wallets, enabling users to Track, View & Manage positions in real-time without giving away their private keys
InstaDApp - an intuitive interface on top of the MakerDAO protocol that’s optimized for users lacking advanced technical or financial experience
iearn.finance - a simplified aggregator that optimizes lending into the highest yielding protocols
Melon - an open-source, community-run protocol for asset management on Ethereum. Melon lets users create, manage, and invest in decentralized funds composed of ETH and ERC20s
Totle - a decentralized liquidity provider where you can swap and transfer tokens while automatically getting the best prices from decentralized exchanges
Unspent - a dashboard for all crypto and open finance activity: investing, trading, lending & borrowing
Zerion - an easy to use trustless banking interface utilizing popular DeFi protocols
0x - a protocol for p2p exchange of tokenized assets. ZRX is the governance token that allows to vote on protocol upgrades, and earn liquidity rewards shared by liquidity providers.
Ampleforth - a digital-asset-protocol for smart commodity-money.
Augmint - a smart contract platform that issues stable tokens targeted 1:1 to the EUR backed by collateral
Betoken - An open crypto fund managed by code and meritocracy
Connext - a non-custodial layer 2 payment-channel technology that enables off-chain, instant payments with low (or zero) transaction costs, helping scale the Ethereum network and paving the way for use cases like micropayments
DAI - a decentralized stablecoin soft-pegged to the US Dollar
DFOhub - an Ethereum-based Research & Development project that provides a framework for DFO's, on-chain companies with proprietary assets and voting tokens as programmable equities
EPNS - a service that allows dApps, Smart Contracts & Services to send push notifications to their users in a decentralized way
Lightning Network - a Layer 2 protocol on top of Bitcoin that seeks to improve scalability by moving small and frequent transactions off-chain, allowing for fast peer-to-peer transactions and low fees.
Liquidity Network - a Layer 2 scalability solution that enables gas-less, near-instant trustless transactions & token swaps
Loom Network - a DPOS layer 2 scaling solution that allows developers to run large-scale applications on top of Ethereum
Loopring - an open source protocol for decentralized exchanges designed to provide matching-as-a-service, and its orders are unidirectional and do not differentiate takers and makers giving complete control to traders
mStable - a single standard unifying stablecoins swapping and lending that also reduces friction and fragmentation
Neutral - a meta-stablecoin system built using a basket of multiple stablecoins to generate a lower volatility token with a reduced risk profile
Nest - a decentralized and transparent price oracles network
Nexus Mutual - a decentralized insurance platform where people can share risk particularly against smart contract bugs, failure or other black swan events
Opyn - an insurance and risk management layer for DeFi
PhishFort Protect - a crypto open source browser plugin that protects users in the DeFi space from phising
pToken - a trustless and trasparent 2-way peg to teleport tokens across blockchains, without friction
rDAI - a DeFi primitive that splits principal and interest in DeFi investments, and streams accrued interest to chosen addresses
Reserve - a decentralized stablecoin protocol enabling global and frictionless payments
Tokentax - an easy to use cryptocurrency & DeFi taxes calculator
USDx - USDx is a decentralized and synthetic indexed stablecoin introduced by dForce. USDx's underlying stablecoins include USDC, TUSD and PAX
WBTC - an ERC20 token that is backed 1:1 by bitcoin.
xDai - an Ethereum sidechain with 5-second block times, low gas prices, and a native token that’s also called xDai.
0x Tracker - a trade explorer for 0x protocol and decentralized ERC20 token price index
Coin Interest Rate - a dashboard showcasing borrowing and lending rates for USDC and DAI
DefiScan - a read-only DeFi profile explorer for Compound, Uniswap, and SpankChain
Etherscan - a block explorer and muti-purpose analytics platform for Ethereum
Eth Gas Station - a consumer oriented metrics & analytics platform for the Ethereum gas market
Loan Scan - a dashboard showing the best rates to earn passive income or lowest rates to borrow crypto
UniswapROI - a calculator to help you analyze your investments in Uniswap and find the best liquidity pools
Whois0x - a database of wallet addresses and their linked social media accounts that also provides easy to understand DeFi stats for each address
Defi Nerd - a lending & borrowing reviews and rates comparison ressource for crypto assets
DeFi Prime - a list of the best Decentralized Finance Products
Defi Rate - a trusted resource for DeFi research, news and interviews with a strong focus on lending rates
EthHub Weekly Newsletter - a trusted resource on all things Ethereum
Chris Blec - a collection of demos for various DeFi products, targeted to beginner & intermediate users.
Into the Ether Podcast - a podcast focusing on all things related to Ethereum, the leading blockchain for decentralized applications.
Wyre Podcast - a podcast where Thomas Scaria interviews founders of top DeFi projects twice a month. Giving insight to their business as well as the technical challenges that they have overcome.
Bankless - the ultimate guide to crypto finance written by Ryan Sean Adams
DeFi Tutorial - a newsletter focused on teaching and educating readers about DeFi with hands on video tutorials
DeFi Value - a place to better understand and evaluate Decentralized Finance
DeFi Weekly - a weekly in-depth review of technical achievements within decentralized finance
Dose of DeFi - a weekly newsletter that specializes in deep dives on topics in the space
EthHub Weekly Newsletter - a collection of the week's Ethereum and cryptocurrency news curated by the founders of EthHub
The Defiant - a curated list of daily news in the DeFi space explained and conensed down to a digestable level by Camila Russo
Concourse Open Community - an open community of builders, enthusiasts and researchers working towards a free, bountiful and decentralized future for everyone
Dai para principiantes - a spanish-first Dai and Defi educational website, tutorials & active community
DeFi Nation - a DeFi-oriented community featuring discussions, walk-throughs, Q&A calls and more
Ethereum Italia - an Ethereum focused community in Italy with a strong presence on all social media
Hola DeFi - a DeFi product directory for the Spanish-speaking community
Hey, everybody! First time poster, long time lurker. Obligatory praises: StS has completely replaced my needs for shaving, heroin, and basic human interaction. This has saved me a ton of money! So, thank you! In my day-to-day job, I'm an ersatz data scientist. What I've discovered is that my run files are chock full of really cool information that I've been using as a sort of dummy data when prototyping charts for less fun data. My runs are numerous enough that they're generally effective for data averaging. What I'm curious about is, is there an online archive of people's run files? I've been looking around but my Google and Kaggle skills haven't really found much. If there isn't an archive, would there be interest in having one? I'm a backend developer by trade and can throw together a simple uploader and data indexer. My general idea was to have it free (read: ad-free) and anonymous with the data available to whomever wants to download it. At some point I'd also plan on customizing the output to be friendlier for machine learning tool-chains and to provide customized output options for en masse downloads. I'd also be happy to put together some basic tutorials on how to access and sync run data from jailbroken iOS devices. My caveat here is that once the storage and bandwidth limits start getting nutty (~1TiB for storage and 1TB for transfer, which is my cloud provider's maximum without bumping up to the crazy tiers) I may start pleading for crypto-currency, Patreon subscriptions, and, of course, to Bludgeon that 'like' button. Also useful would be any frontend folks that would be interesting in making the site look less like a 7th grader's first foray into HTML-land. TLDR: How receptive would the community be with sharing their run files to the world at large in exchange for access to those from other like-minded individuals? Edit: Phrasing (boom!) View Poll
Follow this tutorial and you will start to see your first $$$ by tomorrow, you will get paid every 24 hours , you either withdraw everyday or you will use the method that I will show you below, to make more and more profits! We are going to be using a method called compounding. The Steps are simple: The first step is to register on the KuCoin Exchange. Use the referral link because you will be converting your deposited cryptocurrency to another currency called KCS, owned by KuCoin. You get a small fee as bonus when you use my referral link, which you can use for transaction fees, resulting in 0% loss from your side ( so we both have a profit ) Referral Link: https://www.kucoin.com/ucentesignup?rcode=2KR4uMd Next, you need to deposit some BTC, ETH, LTC or other cryptos to the trading account in your KuCoin Account. With that, purchase KuCoin Shares. Transfer the coins from Trading to Main Account and that’s it! To check KuCoin earnings, log into your KuCoin account and click on Assets in the menu. Then click on My Bonus/KuCoin Bonus and then you’ll be able to see your bonus payouts. Please note that the first day you won’t get anything, but check back the next day and you will see your first payout. Also, you should claim bonuses every day, so that you can earn compound interest!
What Is The Dark Web? How Can You Access It? What Will You Find?
Dark Net Hacker DarkNetHacker.net What is the dark web? How to access it and what you'll find The dark web is part of the internet that isn't visible to search engines and requires the use of an anonymizing browser called Tor to be accessed. Dark web definition The dark web is a part of the internet that isn't indexed by search engines. You've no doubt heard talk of the “dark web” as a hotbed of criminal activity — and it is. Researchers Daniel Moore and Thomas Rid of King's College in London classified the contents of 2,723 live dark web sites over a five-week period in 2015 and found that 57% host illicit material. A 2019 study, Into the Web of Profit, conducted by Dr. Michael McGuires at the University of Surrey, shows that things have become worse. The number of dark web listings that could harm an enterprise has risen by 20% since 2016. Of all listings (excluding those selling drugs), 60% could potentially harm enterprises. You can buy credit card numbers, all manner of drugs, guns, counterfeit money, stolen subscription credentials, hacked Netflix accounts and software that helps you break into other people’s computers. Buy login credentials to a $50,000 Bank of America account for $500. Get $3,000 in counterfeit $20 bills for $600. Buy seven prepaid debit cards, each with a $2,500 balance, for $500 (express shipping included). A “lifetime” Netflix premium account goes for $6. You can hire hackers to attack computers for you. You can buy usernames and passwords. But not everything is illegal, the dark web also has a legitimate side. For example, you can join a chess club or BlackBook, a social network described as the “the Facebook of Tor.” Note: This post contains links to dark web sites that can only be accessed with the Tor browser, which can be downloaded for free at https://www.torproject.org. Deep web vs. dark web: What’s the difference? The terms “deep web” and “dark web” are sometimes used interchangeably, but they are not the same. Deep web refers to anything on the internet that is not indexed by and, therefore, accessible via a search engine like Google. Deep web content includes anything behind a paywall or requires sign-in credentials. It also includes any content that its owners have blocked web crawlers from indexing. Medical records, fee-based content, membership websites, and confidential corporate web pages are just a few examples of what makes up the deep web. Estimates place the size of the deep web at between 96% and 99% of the internet. Only a tiny portion of the internet is accessible through a standard web browser—generally known as the “clear web”. RECOMMENDED WHITEPAPERS 2020 Modern Backup Buyers’ Guide Business continuity for remote workers 10 Reasons Why 15,000+ Businesses Point DNS to Cisco Umbrella The dark web is a subset of the deep web that is intentionally hidden, requiring a specific browser—Tor—to access, as explained below. No one really knows the size of the dark web, but most estimates put it at around 5% of the total internet. Again, not all the dark web is used for illicit purposes despite its ominous-sounding name. Dark web tools and services that present enterprise risk The Into the Web of Profit report identified 12 categories of tools or services that could present a risk in the form of a network breach or data compromise: Infection or attacks, including malware, distributed denial of service (DDoS) and botnets Access, including remote access Trojans (RATs), keyloggers and exploits Espionage, including services, customization and targeting Support services such as tutorials Credentials Phishing Refunds Customer data Operational data Financial data Intellectual property/trade secrets Other emerging threats The report also outlined three risk variables for each category: Devaluing the enterprise, which could include undermining brand trust, reputational damage or losing ground to a competitor Disrupting the enterprise, which could include DDoS attacks or other malware that affects business operations Defrauding the enterprise, which could include IP theft or espionage that impairs a company's ability to compete or causes a direct financial loss Dark web browser All this activity, this vision of a bustling marketplace, might make you think that navigating the dark web is easy. It isn’t. The place is as messy and chaotic as you would expect when everyone is anonymous, and a substantial minority are out to scam others. Accessing the dark web requires the use of an anonymizing browser called Tor. The Tor browser routes your web page requests through a series of proxy servers operated by thousands of volunteers around the globe, rendering your IP address unidentifiable and untraceable. Tor works like magic, but the result is an experience that’s like the dark web itself: unpredictable, unreliable and maddeningly slow. [ Is your data being sold? What you need to know about monitoring the dark web. | Get the latest from CSO by signing up for our newsletters. ] Still, for those willing to put up with the inconvenience, the dark web provides a memorable glimpse at the seamy underbelly of the human experience – without the risk of skulking around in a dark alley. Dark web search engine Dark web search engines exist, but even the best are challenged to keep up with the constantly shifting landscape. The experience is reminiscent of searching the web in the late 1990s. Even one of the best search engines, called Grams, returns results that are repetitive and often irrelevant to the query. Link lists like The Hidden Wiki are another option, but even indices also return a frustrating number of timed-out connections and 404 errors. Dark web sites Dark web sites look pretty much like any other site, but there are important differences. One is the naming structure. Instead of ending in .com or .co, dark web sites end in .onion. That’s “a special-use top level domain suffix designating an anonymous hidden service reachable via the Tor network,” according to Wikipedia. Browsers with the appropriate proxy can reach these sites, but others can’t. Dark web sites also use a scrambled naming structure that creates URLs that are often impossible to remember. For example, a popular commerce site called Dream Market goes by the unintelligible address of “eajwlvm3z2lcca76.onion.” Many dark websites are set up by scammers, who constantly move around to avoid the wrath of their victims. Even commerce sites that may have existed for a year or more can suddenly disappear if the owners decide to cash in and flee with the escrow money they’re holding on behalf of customers. Law enforcement officials are getting better at finding and prosecuting owners of sites that sell illicit goods and services. In the summer of 2017, a team of cyber cops from three countries successfully shut down AlphaBay, the dark web’s largest source of contraband, sending shudders throughout the network. But many merchants simply migrated elsewhere. The anonymous nature of the Tor network also makes it especially vulnerable to DDoS, said Patrick Tiquet, Director of Security & Architecture at Keeper Security, and the company’s resident expert on the topic. “Sites are constantly changing addresses to avoid DDoS, which makes for a very dynamic environment,” he said. As a result, “The quality of search varies widely, and a lot of material is outdated.” SALTED HASH Get a hands-on, inside look at the dark web | Salted Hash Ep 25 Commerce on the dark web The dark web has flourished thanks to bitcoin, the crypto-currency that enables two parties to conduct a trusted transaction without knowing each other’s identity. “Bitcoin has been a major factor in the growth of the dark web, and the dark web has been a big factor in the growth of bitcoin,” says Tiquet. Nearly all dark web commerce sites conduct transactions in bitcoin or some variant, but that doesn’t mean it’s safe to do business there. The inherent anonymity of the place attracts scammers and thieves, but what do you expect when buying guns or drugs is your objective? Dark web commerce sites have the same features as any e-retail operation, including ratings/reviews, shopping carts and forums, but there are important differences. One is quality control. When both buyers and sellers are anonymous, the credibility of any ratings system is dubious. Ratings are easily manipulated, and even sellers with long track records have been known to suddenly disappear with their customers’ crypto-coins, only to set up shop later under a different alias. Most e-commerce providers offer some kind of escrow service that keeps customer funds on hold until the product has been delivered. However, in the event of a dispute don’t expect service with a smile. It’s pretty much up to the buyer and the seller to duke it out. Every communication is encrypted, so even the simplest transaction requires a PGP key. Even completing a transaction is no guarantee that the goods will arrive. Many need to cross international borders, and customs officials are cracking down on suspicious packages. The dark web news site Deep.Dot.Web teems with stories of buyers who have been arrested or jailed for attempted purchases. SECURITY How the dark web has gone corporate Is the dark web illegal? We don’t want to leave you with the impression that everything on the dark web is nefarious or illegal. The Tor network began as an anonymous communications channel, and it still serves a valuable purpose in helping people communicate in environments that are hostile to free speech. “A lot of people use it in countries where there’s eavesdropping or where internet access is criminalized,” Tiquet said. If you want to learn all about privacy protection or cryptocurrency, the dark web has plenty to offer. There are a variety of private and encrypted email services, instructions for installing an anonymous operating system and advanced tips for the privacy-conscious. There’s also material that you wouldn’t be surprised to find on the public web, such as links to full-text editions of hard-to-find books, collections of political news from mainstream websites and a guide to the steam tunnels under the Virginia Tech campus. You can conduct discussions about current events anonymously on Intel Exchange. There are several whistleblower sites, including a dark web version of Wikileaks. Pirate Bay, a BitTorrent site that law enforcement officials have repeatedly shut down, is alive and well there. Even Facebook has a dark web presence. “More and more legitimate web companies are starting to have presences there,” Tiquet said. “It shows that they’re aware, they’re cutting edge and in the know.” There’s also plenty of practical value for some organizations. Law enforcement agencies keep an ear to the ground on the dark web looking for stolen data from recent security breaches that might lead to a trail to the perpetrators. Many mainstream media organizations monitor whistleblower sites looking for news. Staying on top of the hacker underground Keeper’s Patrick Tiquet checks in regularly because it’s important for him to be on top of what’s happening in the hacker underground. “I use the dark web for situational awareness, threat analysis and keeping an eye on what’s going on,” he said will. “I want to know what information is available and have an external lens into the digital assets that are being monetized – this gives us insight on what hackers are targeting.” If you find your own information on the dark web, there’s precious little you can do about it, but at least you’ll know you’ve been compromised. Bottom line: If you can tolerate the lousy performance, unpredictable availability, and occasional shock factor of the dark web, it’s worth a visit. Just don’t buy anything there.
HUOBI – THE EXCHANGE BUILT FOR THE FUTURE - A HONEST REVIEW BY AN USER
HUOBI – THE EXCHANGE BUILT FOR THE FUTURE A HONEST REVIEW BY AN USER https://preview.redd.it/3il28cidztt41.png?width=313&format=png&auto=webp&s=b7c7ccafde202532977305d9be044ba9c7f88e42 Leon Li founded Huobi in 2013, a former computer engineer at Oracle. Huobi Global is a digital asset and crypto currency exchange headquartered in Singapore. Huobi also has local exchanges in South Korea, Japan, and through its strategic partner, the United States. The Huobi Group, the parent company of Huobi Global, has received venture capital finance from prominent Beijing based ZhenFund and American VC firm Sequoia Capital. The Huobi Global exchange serves traders in 130 countries. Through Huobi Global, traders can access almost 200 crypto and stable coin assets. Huobi users can download trading clients on both mobile and desktop devices. Huobi has traded over US$1.2 trillion in digital assets, and at one time it was the world’s leading exchange by volume, capturing 50% of all global trading volume. In terms of security, Huobi has adopted a decentralized exchange structure, which helps to resist DDOS attacks. However, Huobi has implemented the ‘Huobi Security Reserve, in which Huobi has set aside 20,000 BTC reserved for users who have lost funds either due to hacks, or exchange failures. Ease of use The UI is clean, user-friendly and perfectly designed with all the basic requirements for a crypto-trader. The charting software is provided by Tradingview, which is exactly what you want. https://preview.redd.it/nm2fr51mztt41.png?width=602&format=png&auto=webp&s=16c406a4eec33a1c28d2bcb5330bee6b043fc359 Huobi OTC Huobi’s OTC exchange is a good initiative. The Huobi OTC exchange allows users to trade funds peer-to-peer which doesn’t affect the market price of the underlying asset. The OTC trading-desk, with transfer options like bank-transfers, PayPal, WU, Paytm, UPI, IMPS, Alipay & many others, is an easy to use payment gateway. With a secure exchange to diversify your investment, right next door, too with effective list of Buy and Sell options for BTC, ETH, USDT and EOS coins. https://preview.redd.it/66c2zr2oztt41.png?width=602&format=png&auto=webp&s=41899be5c02791f9f5323b957ad13d092b5275f7 Huobi Lite Huobi Lite App provides a convenient channel for everyone to buy cryptocurrencies at the best prices. Tailor-made for beginners, traders, and users. We can download the App directly from the respective iOS Store or Google Play Store. Alternatively, we may access via the link: https://lite.huobi.com/download https://preview.redd.it/tw8p8cmpztt41.png?width=260&format=png&auto=webp&s=88f4d4d45b8b287d452f02547adfd187f2b09977 On Huobi Lite, you can buy Bitcoin with your local currencies, credit card, or exchange cryptocurrencies tokens, with zero fees at competitive prices. Huobi Lite currently supports MYR / HKD / VND / USD (Credit Card deposit only), with more to come in the future. Huobi Derivative Market (Huobi DM) Margin Trading Huobi Global launched Huobi Derivative Market (Huobi DM) exchange to selected countries. It provides margin trading, with very low daily loan interest rates of 0.1%. Margin Trading allows users to increase their investment exposure given a limited base principal to enjoy multiple returns. 3-Steps taken in Margin Trading:
Request for Loan
Trade on Margin (Long/Short)
Repay Margin Loan and Interest
With the introduction of Cross Margin on Huobi, users will have to explicitly input the respective margin type before executing the above 3 steps. Balances on the Cross Margin balance does not show on the Isolated Margin balance. Huobi Futures Huobi Futures is a kind of digital currency derivatives. Users can make a profit from the rising/falling of digital currencies prices by going long or selling short based on their own judgment. The Huobi Futures Contract adopts spread delivery. When the contract expires, all open positions will be closed at the index-based last-hour arithmetic average price, instead of physical delivery. BTC/ETH/EOS/LTC/XRP/BCH/TRX/BSV/ETC Contracts are available on Huobi DM. Contracts are priced in USD, with corresponding digital currency (BTC/ETH/EOS/LTC/XRP/BCH/TRX respectively) as margin to open positions, and PnL is also settled in corresponding digital currency. Weekly, bi-weekly and quarterly contracts are available in Huobi DM. Weekly contracts will be settled on imminent Friday; Bi-weekly contracts will be settled on next Friday; Quarterly contracts will be settled on the last Friday of March, June, September and December. Choices of leverage: 1x, 5x, 10x, 20x Huobi Perpetual Swap Huobi introduced Perpetual Swaps on March 27, 2020 (GMT+8). Huobi Perpetual swap is a kind of digital currency derivatives. Users can make a profit from the rising/falling of digital currencies prices by going long or selling short based on their own judgment. Similar to a margin spot market, its price is close to the price of the underlying reference index. The main mechanism for anchoring spot prices is the cost of funds. Perpetual swap have no delivery date. Users can always hold it. Perpetual swap are settled every 8 hours. After each settlement, the realized profit/loss and unrealized profits/losses are transferred to the user account balance. Partial Liquidation Huobi Futures adopted partial liquidation to help position holders reduce liquidation risk. Users with large positions and high leverage bear high risk. Huobi Futures releases partial liquidation with the aim to lower possible losses due to high price volatility thus giving users better trading experience. Under partial liquidation mechanism, when liquidation is triggered, instead of liquidating all positions at once, the system reduces positions gradually till a grade whose margin ratio is great than 0. Full liquidation will only occur when the margin ratio of tier 1 upper limit net position still fails to be great than 0. Trading Fees The Huobi exchange has a fair trading fee structure. Every asset traded via Huobi Global is subject to a 0.2% trade fee, for both market makers and takers. Further, Huobi Global has introduced a tiered fee system which offers competitively lower fees for high volume traders. VIP membership gives access to various fee reductions and other benefits. Huobi Prime Huobi Prime, the Launchpad platform which we can call Direct Premium Offering (DPO), does share some similarities with initial exchange offerings (IEO) like Binance Launchpad, but it is unique as it is not a fundraising platform, and any coins purchased on the platform are immediately deposited into the users’ wallets and tradable on Huobi Global. Huobi Prime offers its users early access to the coins of premium projects, which can be bought using its native crypto currency, the Huobi Token. To avoid dumping, Huobi has implemented an innovative idea of a period of tiered price limits. Huobi FastTrack Huobit FastTrack, rebranded from Huobi Prime Lite, is a new listing model. Wherein, all participants will have a direct say in what projects are listed on Huobi Global and when. In addition, winning voters will get access to quality tokens at below market rates. The program also provides much needed exposure and a straightforward listing process. Huobi Wallet https://preview.redd.it/6iux5zotztt41.png?width=602&format=png&auto=webp&s=fef6f6d6813ec82a70df28b160fe18ba2237daba Huobi Wallet is the official mobile wallet of Huobi Group, a leading global digital asset financial service provider. It is a multi-chain asset management tool that provides native support for various types of blockchains and all of the ERC20 tokens. So far Huobi Wallet supports BTC, BCH, LTC, ETH, ETC, USDT and all ERC20 tokens. Huobi wallet is the first wallet to expand support to cover seven stablecoins including, Paxos Standard Token (PAX), TrueUSD (TUSD), USD Coin (USDC), Gemini Dollar (GUSD), Dai (DAI), Stasis EURS (EURS), and Tether (USDT). Huobi Wallet is built based on the core principle of security-first. The wallet gives back its users, complete control of their private keys. In simple terms, You own your assets. The wallet is backed up with mnemonics, so in future when you want to import your wallet, it’s just simple few clicks. Currently, the wallet is compatible with both iOS and Android devices and you can download both from here (www.huobiwallet.com/en) Huobi Chain Huobi launched Huobi Chain’s Testnet (“the Testnet”) on February 29th 2020 (GMT+8). Huobi Chain is China’s autonomous cum compliant-ready blockchain platform, and is committed to providing a global, blockchain-based, digital asset infrastructure. Huobi Chain is committed to providing a high-performance, blockchain-based, global digital asset infrastructure. Once the Mainnet goes live, Huobi Chain will announce HT- related events: e.g. pledge HT to be a Super Node, etc. HT Lock & Mine (Huobi Pool) Huobi launched HT Lock and Mine operations on 25th July 2019 (GMT+8). Users who lock HT tokens receive daily HPT rewards. Specific reward quantity will depend on lock option period selected, quantity locked and Huobi Pool’ s mining hash power and daily float. DPOS Rewards: All Huobi Global users with more than 1,000HPT holdings in their HBG account will receive DPOS mining rewards. Currently, token reward received under DPOS mining include EOS, TRX, CMT, ONG, IOST, ATOM, IRIS, LAMB。 Huobi Support Users of the Huobi exchange can access 24/7 live chat and Huobi help center. Those facing issues can also open a support ticket to have their issue resolved by an expert representative immediately. The Huobi Group has a very active YouTube channel, featuring Huobi Talk, where it posts user tutorials, detailed guides, and crypto currency information for traders. What I like the most about Huobi
An established platform that’s been operating since 2013, which is a long time in the crypto world.
Highly secured with decentralized exchange structure, which helps to resist DDOS attacks. Huobi has never suffered a large hack.
Huobi Security Reserve of 20000 BTC to compensate users’ loss of funds.
Dedicated, fast and 24/7 customer support.
Regulated in major jurisdictions.
User interface is very smooth and clean.
Over 230 crypto assets are available.
User education program is good initiative.
Separate trading desk for institution and firm size users.
Very transparent about its operations, listings and projects.
Huobi Wallet is secured and very easy to operate.
Huobi mobile app is smooth and very easy to use.
Has taken serious steps towards avoiding wash trading.
Impressive array of trading pairs.
Has given more important on community participation, like voting for listing, mining pool, Huobi Knights program etc.
I like Huobi Prime because of following reasons: -
(a) Purchased tokens are immediately deposited into user’s accounts, (b) As projects launch exclusively through Huobi Prime from day one, all users get assets at the best price. (c) Tiered price limits on the platform protect both investors and projects from immediate dump.
Huobi screen projects and launches which are only the best. I don’t have to worry about poor or scammy projects.
Burning of HT is a great move and it would benefit long term holders.
I am a cryptocurrency enthusiast that believes DAI is the stable coin capable of bringing a widespread adaptation of digital currency to the people. My mission is to help others learn about and get involved with the MakerDAO ecosystem. I am not an employee of MakerDAO, my views are my own and do not represent the views of MakerDAO implied or expressed. Can you find the weekly DAI joke? (Beside DAI-gest): Read on.
MKR Holder DAI-gest: Week 8, 2020
Governance Recap Week Ending February 22, 2020
At-A-Glance: * Dai Statistics * From the MakerDAO blog: * How to Buy Cryptocurrency: A Step-by-Step Tutorial * A Guide to Crypto Wallet Types * Executive Votes * Weekly Governance Meeting * MakerDAO in the News: * MAKERDAO CRYPTO COMMUNITY GOES DEFENSIVE FOLLOWING DEFI EXPLOITS * MakerDAO and Pundi X Turn Dai Into a Merchant Solution * Events
Want to get involved? Visit the MakerDAO Community Forum. The community is made of interested people like yourself, and Community Leaders from MakerDAO. Share your skills in growing the MakerDAO Community, no experience necessary. My interaction with Maker has always been friendly and inclusive (we really respect DAI-versity), don’t be afraid to contact foundation or forum members alike.
Here is a guide from MakerDAO about becoming involved in Governance. The meeting is held every Thursday, 17:00 UTC. Governance and Risk Meeting Community Guide * Understand the issues that are discussed and governance themes that get explored to build a healthy, secure, Maker Platform. * Get info on how to connect by phone or webcam. * Explore meeting archives.
Our mission is to bring the benefits of blockchain to the masses and make it possible for anyone to buy and trade APX tokens. Especially right now with the timing of the current market opportunity and our globally growing community, while still in Beta. So in order to do that, we need users without prior trading or crypto knowledge to firstly understand that APX tokens are a cryptocurrency and can be exchanged for other currencies like Bitcoin, Euro, Dollar and Yen and secondly, how it works. This is why we created this easy to follow step-by-step tutorial on how to use the gateway. 🔁 APPICS GATEWAY APPICS is based on a dual-blockchain technology so both EOS-based and STEEM-based APX tokens exist. EOS-based APX are tradable at Newdex.io while STEEM-based APX are tradable at Steem Engine. ► Any issues with the Steem Engine Gateway❓ Report here: https://support.privex.io/open.php JOIN APPICS NOW AND BECOME AN EXCLUSIVE TESTER: softlaunch.appics.com
Lendf.me is a monetary market agreement in the dForce ecosystem that supports stable currency demand deposits to generate interest and instant loans, and is compatible with all ERC20 tokens. Users can deposit stablecoins through Lendf.me and earn deposit income, or obtain instant loans by collateralizing crypto assets. All transactions will be automatically executed through smart contracts, and users do not need to trust assets to third-party institutions, and the cost is low. Lendf.me currently supports borrowing in multiple currencies, USDT, USDx, USDC, PAX, TUSD, BTC, ETH. Users will not be charged a fee when depositing assets. Lending assets from Lendf.me will charge a fee of 0.01% from the loan amount. In terms of preventing default, Lendf.me requires borrowers to deposit mortgage assets with a value of not less than 125% of the loan amount in the smart contract before applying for a loan. And once the asset mortgage rate is lower than 125%, users’ failure to replenish mortgage assets or repay loans in a timely manner will trigger a liquidation mechanism.
How to use the Yielding Protocols(Lendf.me)?
Download(Bitpie.com) and open Bitpie wallet (Pro Version)then find dForce
USDx is an on-chain synthetic indexed USD stablecoin protocol, which is 1:1 pegged to a basket of selected stablecoins, USDx is issued as an ERC20 token and is automatically minted with a basket of constituent stablecoins (mostly fiat-back with high transparency and liquidity) through smart contracts. Its’ underlying portfolio includes USDC, TUSD, PAX and DAI, which is adjustable via on-chain governance. USDx is backed by four constituent stablecoins, with the following weighting: 30% USDC, 30% TUSD, 30% PAX and 10% DAI . The selection and weighting of constituent stablecoin is assessed based on the following parameters/factors: 1) Transparency & regulatory compliance; 2) Outstanding floats; 3) Daily trading volume and OTC liquidity; 4) Supported exchanges.
dForce is featuring a dual-token model, with USDx as transaction stablecoin pegged to constituent stablecoins and the network utility token — dForce Token (DFT) to be used for transaction service (i.e mintage fee, interest payment etc), insurance fund, community governance, incentive mechanism, validator deposit etc; DFT also acts as last resort for dForce ecosystem, i.e issuance of DFT for recapitalization of USDx holdings in extreme events.
USR( USDx Saving Rate)
USR is a critical feature of USDx stablecoin — this will be the first fiat-back synthetic stablecoin implementing systematic saving rate. USR delivers the following benefits to USDx holders:
Simple transactions to get a systematic saving rate and holders of USDx can earn current account interest by simply supplying USDx into USR contract.
There will be no liquidity risk to earn USR. USDx holders can withdraw at any time and interest is earned on per block basis.
Lending protocols supporting USDx and integrated USR could deliver USDx depositors USR+USDx Supply Rate, a combined yield that could outperform most fiat-stablecoin saving rate in the market.
How to create USDx?
Download(Bitpie.com) and open Bitpie wallet (Pro Version)then find dForce
Enter USDx and use your stable coins to mint USDx
https://preview.redd.it/xukw3znlqen41.jpg?width=1080&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=06b3fa39135231ebdbbcfe120c14bdfd04c5d0f1 The system currently provides users to exchange three stable currencies: PAX, TUSD and USDC. After authorizing the minting contract, users can receive USDx. The above is the tutorial of using two products of dForce. At present, both products are relatively easy to get started, and there is no particularly complicated concept, so they are easy to be understood and accepted by the market. USDx, as a synthetic indexed stablecoin, has much better asset stability than the centralized USDT. As a lending-and-borrowing DeFi product, Lendf.me also gives users the opportunity to earn interests. It is foreseeable that in the future DeFi market, dForce has its own competitive edge with its product advantages.
How to get $50 of Ethereum for Genesis cards in less than half an hour
If you're like me and never got into Ethereum, but would still like to get some Genesis cards before they are gone forever - this could help. EDIT 16/10 - All of my links have been used, thanks guys! I've posted some others referral links below, please use them - but do step 2 first! If you are going to post your own referral link please edit your comment to show how many people have used it, and once all four slots are used please completely remove your link so other people have a chance to earn some free Eth. I estimate this thread to have generated over $3-400 of free money for the GU community so far! Proof that I earned 4 different cryptos and converted them all to Eth - https://i.imgur.com/wl2MyDb.jpg Genesis card packs are only on sale until the 29th, after which they'll NEVER be buyable as packs again (just as singles in trades) - so I'm trying to get as many as I can before they're gone. Gotta get that edge, might be black lotus style once in a lifetime cards! This also allows you to get a little Ethereum together to pay the gas fee if you just want to sell your raffle tokens, or a trusted place to buy Ethereum. This guide should take you less than 10 minutes to get $20, and 30 minutes for $50, after you have an account. You can then earn up to another $80 by posting your referral links below! You'll need to have a GU account, be over 18, have some ID and a phone, and have metamask installed to transfer all the Eth to buy the cards at the end. If you sign up using these links I'll get a little bit of crypto too and it won't cost you anything, some of these you need to be invited to through my links. Basically coinbase is (the most popular and trusted) crypto exchange and wallet. They are encouraging people to try new crypto coins with really well done video courses that teach you about the coin, then reward you with some of that coin. Step 1 If you haven't got a God's Unchained beta account, sign up here. Step 2 - Do this before the next step - If you haven't got a coinbase account, sign up with this link https://www.coinbase.com/join/ and if asked, verify your phone number and ID with a picture. Step 3 - Once you've signed up, or if you already have an account with coinbase, click a random one of the links below (not just the top one) to be invited to a course to learn about EOS. There are five short videos and a question after each, you'll earn $2 of EOS per video. At the end you can invite others to earn, feel free to put your links in the comments. https://coinbase.com/earn/eos/invite/v3zhxm1jhttps://coinbase.com/earn/eos/invite/3kfb4zcrhttps://coinbase.com/earn/eos/invite/m7v9drw6https://coinbase.com/earn/eos/invite/6w35sjmqhttps://coinbase.com/earn/eos/invite/c178trb2https://coinbase.com/earn/eos/invite/vntqgky6https://coinbase.com/earn/eos/invite/dyb78kt3https://coinbase.com/earn/eos/invite/4dt95xsg PRO TIP: All of the videos have a speed button in the bottom right cog button, set it it 1.5 or 1.75. After a few seconds the question is available, you can try to answer now and repeat until it's right with no penalty for wrong answers. Step 4 - Once you've completed that course, do this one on XLM. Another 5 videos at $2 each with invites at the end too. Use a random link (not just the top one) to be fair https://coinbase.com/earn/xlm/invite/d4qcbk0fhttps://coinbase.com/earn/xlm/invite/j86mnpxrhttps://coinbase.com/earn/xlm/invite/8pzf2t5whttps://coinbase.com/earn/xlm/invite/mpy938zghttps://coinbase.com/earn/xlm/invite/t9qvjn72https://coinbase.com/earn/xlm/invite/1dg7tjmyhttps://coinbase.com/earn/xlm/invite/6283g4brhttps://coinbase.com/earn/xlm/invite/jtyw8szdhttps://coinbase.com/earn/xlm/invite/7hbd4c1mhttps://coinbase.com/earn/xlm/invite/8cndrt6ghttps://coinbase.com/earn/xlm/invite/6q4h1tsvhttps://coinbase.com/earn/xlm/invite/nmgqvsj0 Optional Step 5 - Go to https://coinbase.com/earn and if you are able to, complete the DAI and BAT for $20 and $10 more respectively. The BAT one is easier, the DAI one you'll need a phone and to download an app. You might have to join a waiting list for both. For the DAI guide, there is an important step missed. You will open a CDP contract and be told to close it, then you won't have enough to close it. You'll need to transfer a little more DAI from your coinbase account to your wallet to pay the stability fee (for example if the fee is 20%, transfer 20% of the 0.060 contract, which would be 0.012 before gas fees). You can then transfer the remainder back. This guide can help https://hackmd.io/aLPT94SXTCqYD-gtWhO2og?view Step 6 - Transfer the coins you now have to Ethereum by clicking Trade in the top right of coinbase, then clicking Convert and choosing the coin you want to convert in the top dropdown and checking that you are converting it to Ethereum in the bottom dropdown. You could just transfer it all into your currency and withdraw it and you've got some money for a little effort. You probably want to transfer it to the metamask wallet that your God's Unchained account is linked to and then buy cards. Do that by going to Accounts > Ethereum and clicking Send. Get your metamask Eth address by clicking the metamask fox icon in your browser and clicking on the address to copy it. The transfer should take a a couple of minutes. If you haven't got metamask installed and linked, go to https://metamask.io/ and create a new account. You'll get an Ethereum address where you can store your Ethereum AND the cards/trinkets e.t.c linked to your GU account. Make sure you write down and safely store your backup passphrase and private key. It's safe to give out your receiving address. Go to either https://apollo.gg or https://godsunchained.com to check that your metamask account is linked to your GU account. Step 6 - Buy cards! Click this link and I'll get a bit back from your purchase at no extra cost to say thanks for the guide. https://godsunchained.com/?refcode=0xd84621f33cbaafa8d9fe1de48618266647c2c23f Hopefully this guide will help any newbies like wanting to get Genesis cards before the sale ends. If you appreciate the guide and would like to help me out, you can click on any of the links above to sign up to coinbase or complete the tutorials for your own free crypto, or you can tip me with Eth (guaranteed to go to Genesis cards) at 0xD84621F33cbaaFA8D9Fe1dE48618266647C2C23F Hopefully this will help new players who might be put off by the crypto side of things, and encourage players who feel they don't have an edge without Genesis cards to get a few packs in now.
Hello everyone, been working on a guide so thought I'd post here: DeFi – Decentralised Finance Decentralised Finance or “DeFi” is rapidly becoming one of the main applications of smart contracts. It is an ecosystem comprised of applications built on decentralized networks, permissionless blockchains, and peer-to-peer protocols for the facilitation of lending/borrowing or trading with financial instruments. These open finance applications are being built almost exclusively on Ethereum. The core principle is to provide a new, permission less financial ecosystem without a central authority. This allows for lending and borrowing in a decentralised manner. The user act as their own custodian, maintaining full control of their assets while granting access to financial services. DeFi Assets Types of Assets Native blockchain assets These are assets that reside purely on the blockchain, unconnected to any real world assets. Examples of these are Ether, the currency of the Ethereum network and Dai, a USD stable coin and its governance token, MakerDao. Non-native blockchain assets These are assets that exist on the blockchain but backed or pegged to real world assets. Examples such as Goldman Sachs backed USDC stable coin or TrueUSD, backed by US dollars. What they can be used for • Collateral for a loan • Lendable assets • Borrowable assets • Governance assets (e.g MakeMKR) DeFi examples: MakerDai With Maker / Dai, a user is able to lock up their Ethereum in a smart contract, wrapped in a specially created token and borrow Dai, a USD pegged stable coin in return. The Maker token is used for governance and allows users to participate in governance decisions and also earn operational fees. • Loans are over collateralised with the minimum ratio set above 150% • A user sends their Ether to the smart contract and sets the ratio to their desired risk level, above 150%. • New Dai tokens are minted and sent to the user. • If the price of Ether drops below the CDP liquidation point, enough Eth is sold to cover the position with a fee. • The user is then able to withdraw their remaining assets. • It is completely up to the user to set the risk level they are comfortable with. • If a user is in danger of liquidation, they can lower the risk by adding more collateral or returning Dai. Currently only Ether is used for collateral though other ERC-20 tokens are due to be added soon to enable users to park multi-asset collateral. Compound Compound is a protocol which creates money markets for various tokens, running on the Ethereum blockchain using liquidity pools. Each market is linked to a cToken (i.e. cBAT token in place of a BAT token) that acts as the intermediary for any asset being lent on the protocol. Through the cToken, lenders earn interest that compounds over time. Within Compound, there is a withdraw function which allows users to convert the cTokens to the original assets (e.g. from cBAT to BAT). Interest rates exist for each asset based on real-time market dynamics. When there is an excess of demand from borrowers, the interest rate would increase whereas an excess of lendable amount would lead to lower interest rates. Furthermore, the supply rate (I.e. the lending rate) is always lower than the borrowing rate, by design, to create liquidity on the platform. It is possible to arbitrage between Compound and Maker if the fee for borrowing Dai is less than the interest gained by using Compound. Dharma Dharma is a platform that allows users to borrow and lend several assets at a fixed interest rate for 90 days. Supported assets include Ethereum, USD Coin and Dai. In short, this platform handles and matches trades manually without acting as custodian at any single point of time. A user can request to lend funds and then he/she will need to wait for their offer to be matched. Interest rates are currently determined manually by the team in a black-box process. Borrowing and lending rates are set equal which contrasts sharply with other platforms like Compound. If a borrower decides to repay his loan before the maturity date, they must pay the entire interest on the loan over 90-day. As a result, the only incentive for a borrower (to repay the loan early) is to get full access to his collateral immediately. DeFi Use Cases Lenders The key benefit for lenders is to enable them to use the capital held in Ethereum tokens to generate yields. Borrowers As well as traditional borrowing needs also allows native blockchain use cases. E.g. Leverage A borrower could short an asset by borrowing and selling an asset into a stablecoin such as USDC. Likewise, they can long an asset by purchasing it with stablecoins released by their CDP. Arbitrage Assuming no transaction cost, an arbitrage opportunity exists if the following inequality is true: borrowingRate (%) < lendingRate (%) DeFi Benefits Greater capital access: participants residing in capital-controlled countries can obtain access to unseizable stablecoins that give them exposure to other currencies, such as the US dollar or any fiat-denominated stablecoin (e.g. GBP, EUR). Transparency and efficiency: on pure P2P lending and borrowing platforms, interest rates are determined solely by market participants and loans are secured through overcollateralization. It is easy and costless to access information publicly about loans. Lower set up costs/turnaround time: unlike the traditional financial industry, it is extremely fast for any user to borrow funds at market rates, removing any intermediary crediting agencies. Ability to transfer borrowed capital across platforms and trading venues / jurisdictions: As with cryptocurrencies, tokens on Ethereum benefit from blockchain for trade or moving assets. Full custody of the funds: Assets are held by the user in a wallet or in a smart contract with access controlled by the wallet, without a third party. Ability to enter margin trading in restricted jurisdictions: As mentioned above. Sources https://makerdao.com/en/ https://compound.finance/ https://www.dharma.io/ https://info.binance.com/en/research/marketresearch/defi-1.html Video Guides What is DeFi? A Comprehensive Guide to Decentralized Finance @CryptoBobby - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hMBOjQM9k1E&t=435s MakerDao Tutorial @ Nuggets News - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sLRDWTtNC04
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CryptoCurrency Trading Tutorial - How to sell at the top, protect your profits in a bull market.
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